Mangalitsa pig is a breed of domestic pig native to Hungary.
It has its origins in the crosses of the primitive race Sumadia of the Mediterranean trunk (trunk to which the Iberian pig also belongs) with the races Szalontai and Bakonyi (typical semi-wild races of the Carpathians).
In Hungary, this race was bred for the table of the emperor of the Austro-Hungarian Empire at the beginning of the 20th century.
After World War II, its number was drastically reduced, reaching the point of extinction. At the end of the 80, there were only about 200 copies distributed by some farms in Hungary.
Faced with its extinction because its fatty flesh was not demanded at that time, the German geneticist Peter Toth was interested in recovering the species.
So he bought the pregnant females farm by farm, which saves the species whose meat is considered a delicacy and reaches high prices in the market.
Some 60,000 pigs of this breed are currently produced in Hungary and their breeding has been extended to Germany, Austria, and Switzerland.
Precisely because every day it was more difficult to find fatty pigs for the manufacture of cured ham. You may also like to read Berkshire Pig.
Jamones Segovia is a Spanish company and currently the only company in the world that maintains the breeding and commercialization of the three varieties. This company was interest in this breed and decide to investigate it.
Thus, starting in 1990, he began a program to recover it, getting 90 breeding females through advertisements in the Hungarian press.
Characteristics Details of Mangalitsa Pig:
Depending on its color, four types of Mangalica pig are distinguishing. There are reddish, blond (to which 80% correspond), the swallow (a combination of black and white) and black (now extinct).
The names mangalitza or mangalitsa are also using to refer to this breed.
In the world, there are animal species that, although widely known in their place of origin, for outsiders are strange or unknown.
This is the case of the Mangalica pig, a porcine species with a peculiar little know aspect. The first thing that catches the attention of this animal is its woolly fur, which resembles a sheep with a very short neck.
This feature has earned them to be known as pigs.
This breed of pigs is characterized by having an abundant and shaggy coat during the winter season that the rest of the year, they show blond and curly bristles.
It has a very thick and long hair that looks like wool in winter. But that changes in spring by curly bristles, clear and bright.
There is the only evidence of another swine breed with such a long hair: the extinct Lincolnshire Curly-coat pig. The skin of the area of the eyes and the nasal disc shows a black pigmentation. You may also like to read Essex Pig.
“The animals that do not present it are removed from the breeding. The color of your nails is also black. Mangalica pig has a very high proportion of fat in bacon.”
Their fatty meat makes them also ideal for the production of ham. The fact of not being a desirable animal for direct consumption due to the amount of fat it produces and its long fattening time and special care for its upbringing.
Caused farmers and ranchers to see Mangalia as an expense rather than an investment and decided to stop raising him.
After decades of bonanza in the market of Mangalica, the population decreased. In such a way that at the beginning of 1990 there were only 198 specimens of this hairy pig.
It only has between five and eight pups per litter. Instead of twelve or fourteen like the rest of the common breeds.
Your channel has half the meat and twice as much fat as a white pig. What causes meat and sausages produce with this breed retain their properties for longer and their flavor is more concentrated. You may also like to read Duroc Pig.
In addition, the meat of this species can mature longer.
Mangalitsa pig feeding, which is raised on extensive farms, is base on cereals and pastures.
The Mangalitsa pig, which outside Hungary has only been trying to breed in the United States. Currently, about 25,000 Mangalica hams are sold in the markets of the U.S.A. and Japan.
In these countries where they are highly appreciated by the best restaurateurs. While the hams, loin, and shoulders are export, the rest stays in Hungary itself to make chorizo and salami. You may also like to read Hampshire Pig.
Mangalitsa pig was in danger extinction. Thanks to its meat with an amount of fat greater than 70% of its body. What also happened to have caused it to be in danger of extinction.
Well, when scientists determined that the consumption of fats of animal origin were harmful to the human organism it stopped being an animal from which abundant fat was obtained for cooking, manufacturing, candles, cosmetics and even explosives and it became an animal without commercial value.
They can also be the ideal pet they are playful like dogs. As A Reference: Wikipedia