The Dutch Landrace pig was originated by the crossing between native pigs of the area with the German Landrace breeds and the Danish Landrace.
The breed is mainly found in the southern, eastern and northern regions of the country. At the end of the 60s and 70s, the boom in pig production in the Netherlands was a very high rate.
The production of pigs was carried out in more than 140,000 farms, reaching 3 million pigs.
And at the beginning of the 1980s, this rate tripled, but the number of farms for raising pigs fell. Arriving at 41.000 farms, however, more than 10 million pigs were produced and counted to date.
In Holland, pork production has been important in the economy, and a very profitable business.
Since the meat of this breed not only use it only for consumption but 60% of the meat produces is export and sold to other countries.
The Dutch Landrace has a close relationship with the German. And is widespread in Europe as in Spain, and can even be found even in Japan.
The Dutch Landrace pig maintains the same characteristics as other Landrace breeds. This breed has a pink, beige coat and even white individuals have been found.
It also has large ears and they are somewhat drooping and are direct forward. It is a large breed when the breed is adult the male can weigh up to 230 to 320 Kg.
This breed has a curvature in the back, and its legs are short in size. Besides, this race is long enough. You may also like to read German Landrace pig
Its body in the front is shorter, but its back is wider. Which is why the production of ham of this breed is higher than other breeds. While adult females reach a weight between 200 and 270 Kg.
The race is also known for high fertility and the ability to be a very good mother. The difference between the dutch landrace breed and other breeds from the landrace branch is that it produces hams of higher proportion and weight.
This breed can produce several births in a year, producing between 2 and 3 litters per year. Each birth of this breed produces between 6 and 10 offspring.
The females being so maternal and careful with their offspring ensure a lower percentage of lost offspring compared to other breeds.
In addition, females have good milk production, which ensures that the young will be well fed and will grow fast.
The meat producers of this breed usually sacrifice the males when they obtain a weight between 160 and 170 Kg.
The Dutch Landrace pig has been developed to have larger and heavier backs and hams, such as those found in some Landrace strains.
In addition, this breed is also used to cross with other species, either by artificial insemination or as procreators.
Although the majority of swine production in the Netherlands is mix breed, it is the Landrace Dutch females that generate these offspring.
In addition, not only useful for high fertility but also their genes make their descendants have certain improvements.
One of the improvements is a greater production of meat. And in addition, their descendants also have improvement in the quality of the meat. You may also like to read Czech Improved White Pig
In addition, this breed is very intelligent and has very good interaction with people, which is why this breed is also used as a pet.
The Dutch Landrace pig are used to eating plants, and one or the other animal. The water consumption per day of this breed is between 35 and 45 liters.
The Dutch Landrace pig breed is progeny tested. Once these tests are complete, the males of this breed are subject to sexual performance tests.
Being qualify as excellent in this area, its sperm is chosen for sale in artificial insemination associations. In addition, this breed is very resistant and makes it adapt perfectly to any type of climate.
Even its resistance is so much that this race passes halothane tests, so it isolates individuals that are not resistant, nor are they good for meat production.
Being a breed that identifies Holland, the quality standards of the meat are tested by means of tests carried out on this breed. That is why the exports of pork from the Netherlands have a good guarantee of quality.
Even within the breeding programs of this breed, it is common for meat quality tests to be done.
As a Reference: Wikipedia