The Swedish Landrace pig is the main pig breed in Sweden, a country not known for a large number of pigs. The origin of this breed arose from the crossing of landrace breeds of Denmark with local breeds. What resulted in the know of Sweden. Although also the Danish landrace was a very important influence in the creation of this breed. That is why there are some characteristics that this race keeps similar to the Danish race.
The pig was originally bred for its meat and bacon, but today it is raised for many other reasons such as to produce milk, eggs, and more. It has a long body with short limbs and a large head. It typically weighs about 250 pounds when fully grown. There are some rare variations that occur in coloration patterns on their hide depending on where they live or what mixed breeds they have been exposed to during breeding practices. This blog post will cover all you need to know about this type of pig!
Characteristics of Swedish Landrace Pig
The Swedish Landrace pig is a medium-sized breed. In addition, this race has a very long body. Adult males of this breed weigh a maximum of 320 kg, becoming even larger than females. While the females of this breed weigh up to 280 Kg. You may also like to read Neijiang pig
The large ears have a drop, and maintain an inclination towards the front are typical of the Swedish breed and are also found in the Landrace strains of other countries. Usually, the coat of this breed is the same as the other Landrace breeds, keeping the color white. The coat of this breed is short and dull. The skin of this breed is smooth and has no wrinkles in any area of the body.
This breed has the front legs shorter than the hind legs, which causes the back to have a slight curvature. While the head is short and tilted down. The tail is medium size and has a curvature if it is seen in profile it looks like number 6. The Swedish Landrace strain originated in imports from neighboring countries, especially Denmark.
This breed is very fertile, and the capacity of motherhood for which the Landrace have become so well known. One of the characteristics inherited from the ancestor of this breed is that it can easily gain weight. You may also like to read Saddleback pig
Swedish Landrace pig is a race that is a dual purpose since it is used both for the production of meat as well as for crossing with other breeds. The emphasis in Sweden has not been on the extreme length and the bacon, if it does not produce the characteristics of the original population, giving rise to a strain of a more moderate type.
Greater emphasis has been placed on the strength of the feet and legs, the strength of the upper part and the ability to walk. Usually, this breed is used for a high proportion of lean meat, which does not have excess meat. The meat of this breed is perfectly suited for the production of fresh meat products. The United States was one of the countries that exported this breed to cross with the American Landrace. Similarly, there are several countries in Europe that use this breed to improve local breeds.
The Swedish Landrace pig is a breed that needs attention from farmers regarding their diet. This breed can feed outdoors, however, this diet has to be supplemented. Swedish breeders have also tried to maintain a satisfactory rate of gain and feed conversion. In order for this breed to grow rapidly, it needs to eat around 3 to 3.5 kg per day. Some of the foods that farmers add to their diet are corn, rice, sugar cane, as well as some grains and other cereals.
In recent years, the Swedish Landrace pig has attracted the attention of the United States and other nations. Especially when more emphasis is placed on fresh pork and other manufactured products, in addition to bacon. The infusion of the Swedish strain has been valued in the American Landrace.
They have provided an extension of the genetic base and correction of the characteristics that were considered as deficiencies by American Landrace breeders. There have also been exports to other countries. Another characteristic of this breed is that it can adapt perfectly to the climate of its place of origin.
Now that you have a little more insight into this Swedish Landrace pig breed, we hope it has helped to answer any questions you may have had about the origins and characteristics of these pigs. If not, don’t worry! Our team is available 24/7 to help with anything related to livestock or animal husbandry. Contact us anytime if you need assistance with your farm’s needs or want some tips on how best to care for your animals. Good luck in caring for all of those lovely swine!
As a reference: Wikipedia