The Norwegian Landrace pig is the most recognized breed in Norway. Even this race belongs to the Landrace line, and its name comes from the line it belongs to and the country of origin.
Also, there are not many pig breeds in Norway. Usually, this race is found in the southern region of the country.
Studies that were conducted in the 70 showed that this breed has a good growth rate. In addition, compared to other breeds, it had the most efficient feed conversion.
This breed was created with the importation of landrace breeds to Norway, with the crossing of autochthonous breeds. For this, an extensive selection was made to create new strains, and to create a unique combination.
The Norwegian Landrace pig is a medium-size breed. The females usually weigh a maximum of 200 to 280 Kg.
While the males are heavier and larger than the females, so they weigh between 220 and 320 kg. The ears of this breed are large and by their weight, the direction of them is down.
The head of this race has a small head in proportion to its body, while the shoulders are narrow. It also has a long back. You may also read Finnish Landrace Pig
Another characteristic of this breed is that it has white fur. The legs of this species are thick, and also has the particularity that the hind legs are larger than the front legs.
So you see a very steep inclination, which is higher in its back, even the head of this breed is lower.
The tail of this species is short and has a certain curvature and is direct downwards. At 4 months and a half of age this breed can weigh 100 Kg. Farmers come to sacrifice this breed at this age.
Another characteristic of this breed is that it is a very precocious race, being able to be suitable for sexual reproduction from an early age. This breed is fertile, so it gets to reproduce between 2 and 3 litters per year.
The litters of this breed are made up of 6 and 10 piglets. And they have a good cup of young that survive after weaning, surviving between 8 and 9 offspring after the weaning period has elapsed.
In addition, the females of this breed are very docile, so they serve and are very good as mothers.
And the females also have good dairy skills, producing a lot of milk which serves and fits perfectly with the size of the litters.
The highest peak of milk production is the fifth week after childbirth so that the offspring of this breed get good weight for weaning.
The Norwegian Landrace pig is a breed uses mainly for meat production. Also, something that stands out in this breed is that its meat is lean.
Even it is the leanest among the landrace breeds that are available in the European continent. Another reason why this breed is used is to cross this with other species and thus provide good characteristics to their offspring. You may also read Czech Improved White Pig
The Norwegian Landrace pig is a breed that takes advantage of the food that is available in the area.
That is why added to all the characteristics of the race so farmers prefer it. In addition, this breed takes very good advantage of everything they eat, getting to gain weight and taking advantage of all the nutrients in the food.
They can take advantage of the pastures easily, the reason why they can be several hours under intense grazing.
Farmers from neighboring countries have found this breed so efficient that it has served to export it.
That’s why countries like England, Ireland, France, Sweden, Denmark, and even Canada have this specimen.
Although in the aforementioned countries they have indigenous breeds, and usually produce good quality pigs.
This indicates that the Norwegian Landrace pig breed meets the quality standards of those countries.
In addition, they also use it to cross with other species and improve the offspring of the species, by providing greater quality.
Due to the characteristics of this breed, since the 90s a program of conservation of semen of the males of this breed has been implemented.
To then use it as artificial insemination. Getting to have per year, about 20 doses of semen to store. However, these samples are not only taken from this breed but from the porcine breeds in Norway.
It should be noted that this breed has the most population in Norway, so they form a large population within the sample that is taken. 90% of the females of this breed get pregnant by artificial insemination.
As a reference: Wikipedia