Mehsana Goat – Discovery of Goat Lifestyle

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History:

The Mehsana Goat comes from a place called Mehsana which is where this species originates, in the state of Gujarat in India.

This species is found in Mehsana, Gandhi Nagar, Ahmedabad, Palanur Banaskantha, and in its vicinity, all belonging to the districts of Gujarat.

Characteristics of Mehsana Goat:

The Mehsana Goat Unlike other breeds of goats that have round nose this goat has the peculiar characteristic of having a straight nose.

Commonly this species is found in herds of 20 to 300 goats. However, there are some farmers who own in their stables herds of 2 to 10 goats.

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The color of the coat of this breed is black, with white spots on the ear. Her hair is abundant and long. And the ears have a certain fall.

The tail of this breed is short and has the particularity of going upwards in the form of an arch. Both male and female have horns, which are arched and this curve is tilted back.

This breed is ready for reproduction from one year and a half to one year eight months.

Daily milk production varies from 1.5 kg to 2 kg. And the females are in the lactation period between 190 and 200 days after having gone through the labor. They produce 90% of individual births, while 10% of cases can come with siblings or twins.

They produce 210 gr. Of wool a year, while making 1 or 2 shears a year.

The weight for the male is 37 kg and 32 kg for the female, and they reach a length of 71 cm. Long the male, and 68 cm. the female.

This breed has a high feed conversion, this indicates that the relationship between what the goats eat and the weight is uneven. In order for this breed to be able to gain weight, the farmer must put twice as much ration for weight gain.

Food:

The Mehsana Goat should be fed with coconut cakes and Jack leaves to gain weight. Their daily diet has to be made up of fodder containing different types of green leaves, legumes, etc.

Usage:

The Mehsana Goat is mostly used for the production of its milk and for the production of its meat. However, there are some farmers who have raised this species also for the production of their wool.

Farmers can be milking the females of this breed 2 times a day, one of the recommendations that are suggested is that 1 of the times is done before feeding.

An advantage of this breed is that they can become accustomed to extensive grazing, as well as be raised on small farms. They should be provided minerals, nutritious foods, and have clean water for disposal.

Special Characteristics:

The Mehsana Goat adapt easily to the climatic changes. They should be brushed once a month to remove dirt and loose fur. Goats of this species should be vaccinated when they are small to avoid diseases. Adult kids must be separated and fed with pasteurized milk.

The fat contained in the milk is 2.5% to 3% and the protein is around 2.5%, indicating that these contents are good in the milk that this breed produces.

The kids of this breed should take special care, to ensure sufficient food and milk until at a certain age they have the right weight.

Goat Profile:

Goat name Mehsana Goat
Other Name Any
Goat Purpose Producer of milk and meat.
Coat color Black, with white ears.
Weight 30 to 32 Kg
Climate Tolerance All climates
Country of Origin India

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