Layer Poultry Equipment:
Layer poultry equipment is very important for layer poultry farming. The purpose of this type of breeding is precise to commercialize the eggs that the hens lay.
In this sense, a whole infrastructure and a greater logistics are needed. And so get the most out of laying hens.
And at the same time take care of several factors, such as your health, food and, most importantly, the site that will be used as a farm. For this reason, industrial farms have improved cells.
Where the hen has room to move and even must have the necessary forage for feeding. This is because new standards and regulations for the rearing of laying hens were created.
This is because the previous system that was used in many countries caused certain problems related to health and hygiene in general.
There are two types of confinement system:
Confinements or breeding in cages:
This system is used mainly in the breeding of laying hens. The shed to exploit chickens in cages must have a cement floor.
With depressions of 20 centimeters deep under the cages to contain the excrement produced during 12 months that the posture lasts.
It is advisable to make a drainage pit to keep the excrement dry. In hot climates, the walls are not necessary.
It will be enough to place curtains that close when the weather is bad or there is strong air current.
In cold climates, it will be possible to build walls 60 centimeters high and the rest of the house will be covered with a plastic or bale.
The aisle that goes between the cage and the cage must be one meter wide between the ends of the trays where the eggs roll.
The cages are placed at 90cm. from the end of the tray to the floor of the hall. You may also like to read Sebright Chicken.
The ways of placing the cages and the arrangement of them in the confinement house in cages can vary according to the number of birds housed.
Confinement or raising on the floor:
They are used both for breeding laying hens and raising broilers. In this system, laying hens and chickens are kept free in the house.
The house must have the floor covered by a bed of sawdust, bagasse of chopped cane, rice straw or rice husk.
The feeders and drinkers should be placed interspersed and at a distance of 3 meters from each other so that the hen does not have to walk more than 3 meters to eat and drink.
The feeders and straight troughs are placed perpendicular to the windows so that they receive the same amount of light on both sides.
In the same way, there are different types of ships for the Layer Poultry Equipment, among them are:
Sheds for layers of litter:
Starting from the low population density of the system, the most widespread disposition is to have a central space of slats and/or “slats” covering a pit of debris, with a litter on both sides of it.
The ordered requirements are the following:
Litter area: At least 250 square centimeters per hen and occupying at least one-third of the ship.
Ashlar: provide a space of 15 centimeters per hen, at least 30 centimeters apart.
Nesting: one every 7 hens, to be individual.
And if they are collective, have an area of 1 square meter for every 120 hens, at least.
Feeders: a minimum space of 10 centimeters per hen, of being a channel, or of 4 cm per hen, of being dishes.
Drinkers: a minimum space of 2.5 centimeters per hen, if of channel.
Either 1 centimeter per hen, if it is a bell or 1 teat or glass per 10 birds.
In the case of egg layers, because of the requirement to have access to the park, they must have trapdoors or openings in the walls.
On one or both facades, as preferred, in a total width of at least 2 meters for every 1.000 birds. You may also like to read Buckeye chicken.
There is no regulation that governs anything special for these facilities in which birds occupy space in its three dimensions.
However, regarding the number of levels in the ship, the maximum may be 4. There should be a distance between them of at least 45 centimeters.
And being located so as to prevent the droppings falling on the lower floors. In terms of population density, this may be 9 hens per square meter of usable area.
Which means that the space occupied by the nests is not accepted. That, therefore, should be deducted from the total of the ship.
Although, on the other hand, by allowing the inclusion of the area occupied by the slats placed at different heights, one can almost double this density.
Here there is a use of space in its vertical aspect. What has forced to replace conventional cages for enriched calls?
With greater spatial requirements for birds. In this situation, the logical step of cage producers has been to offer more efficient models in the market.
Instead of the 3 to 6 floors of conventional models, they reach at least 8. And more often 10 floors, at the time of writing these lines.
In this context, for the access to the upper floors of cages, the typical staircase is not enough. Or the mobile platform that has been used with conventional batteries.
But, in addition, it is required to have corridors at half height. In premises that, very frequently, can reach at least 8-10 m heights in their eaves.
As for the batteries themselves, the following requirements are established:
A minimum area of 750 square centimeters per bird. And at least 600 square centimeters will have a minimum height of 45 cm.
The difference between these surfaces will be a nest box with a height of at least 20 centimeters.
In as much that the total surface of the cage will be of 2.000 square centimeters, like minimum. You may also like to read Welsummer Chicken.
A nest box with a litter so that the birds can dig and peck. Enough fenders to provide a space per bird of at least 15 cm.
A feeder space of 12 centimeters, at least, per bird. The access of each hen to 2 drinking tit or bowl, at least. A device for filing the nails of the hens.
As a reference: Wikipedia