The Brown Swiss cow breed is famous throughout the world and is the second breed for its dairy performance.
In Switzerland, it competes with the Simmental in the supply of milk and meat for the small Swiss market.
Due to its high hardiness and production, it spread throughout Central Europe. In America, he was seen for the first time when in the late 1860s they were brought to the United States.
In Latin America, there is a visible Swiss herd settled in the tropics, although it is exploited as dual-purpose cattle.
As it was developed in rustic form, its size did not increase until the beginning of the 19th century. When mixed with large size German cattle.
Although crossing levels and changes of the original type are unknown. Their yields, compared with the herds of a temperate climate and intensively bred, are different.
But the milk potential is right there, ready to make the leap forward. You may also like to read Limousin Cattle.
Characteristics Details of Brown Swiss cow:
The Brown Swiss cow modern race is characterized among other things by its medium size. Its layer is a single color “brown-gray” which varies in tone although dark shades are preferred.
The areas of a lighter color are located in the eyes, snout, ears and lower parts of the legs.
The hair is short, thin and soft; the pigmented skin; shows black on the exposed part as on the snout.
The horns are white with black tips, medium or small, directed outwards and upwards, stopping at the tips. The head is broad and moderately long.
The back is wide and the dorsal line straight. The chest is deep with well-arched ribs, and the developed hindquarters are fleshy. The Brown Swiss cow is recognized for its good legs and hooves.
Traits necessary in the evolution of the breed in the Swiss Alps, which confers advantages in grazing in areas of difficult access.
“The legs are somewhat short and the hooves are black. The udder is well developing, is generally well attach and has good nipples.”
The adult animals are strong and of good weight, the cows can weigh 600 to 700 kg, and from 950 to 1 000 kg the bulls.
But there are specimens of both sexes with more weight. With regard to its dairy performance, the Swiss race is the second in the world.
The brown swiss cow produces from 1,500 to 2,000 kg. for breastfeeding. Although in tropical regions are averaged from 3,200 to 4,000 kg.
The brown swiss cow can produce 24 liters of milk per day. And exceed 7,000 kilograms of milk in lactations of 305 days, approximately.
Which cannot be doubted given the good adaptation that Swiss cattle have shown in warm climates?
The nose is intense black and the hair that forms the border around it is very clear, forming a kind of mustache.
The muscular body complexion, its wide range of adaptation to cold and hot climates. And its great ability to produce milk and meat from temperate and tropical pastures.
The milk of the Brown Swiss cow is value for its high total solids. What makes it one of the most desired by the dairy industry for the manufacture of cheeses and other derivatives.
In this way, it is consolidated as a productive and highly productive livestock with very notable characteristics in livestock.
These characteristics make Brown Swiss cow the ideal animal for dual purpose systems. You may also like to read Simmental Cattle.
Brown Swiss cow has a Wide range of adaptation to various climates. His hair is very short and fine in warm weather conditions and can grow very abundantly in extremely cold conditions.
This feature gives a Brown Swiss cow a great ability to adapt to extreme weather conditions. You may also like to read Charolais Cattle.
A brown Swiss cow is a very fertile breed, they usually calve at two years of age. It is a docile and easy to handle animal and has a high percentage of meat.
Some disadvantages that this race presents are problems of parasitic diseases. They are also very sensitive to poor food quality.
There are cows that give between 9 and 10 deliveries and keep the udders good. He disqualifies himself from this race if his nose is totally depigmenting.
In addition, animals are disqualified with white on the tassel of the tail, on the flanks, on the trunk. And if they have white spots on the head or neck and on the limbs on the knees or hocks.
As a reference: Wikipedia