This livestock is native to the Pinzgauer cattle Valley, in the province of Salzburg, and several primitive geographical races have contributed to its formation.
Among them the Mölltal cattle in Carinthia, as well as the Pustertal and the Tux-Zillertal of the Tyrol.
Although of ancient origin, the current race emerged in the middle of the last century. Acquiring great popularity in Austria and getting good markets in neighboring countries.
The Austro-German alpine regions are the place of origin of this breed. Also, the name takes it through the valley of Pinzgau, province of Salzburg, Austria.
This breed is found at altitudes ranging from 500 to 2.500 m.s.
Characteristics Details of Pinzgauer Cattle:
Pinzgauer cattle is a very old breed, it is believed to be the result of crosses between Celtic cattle, Simmenthal cattle, and Stained mountain cattle.
The double-purpose selection works date back to the late eighteenth century.
The area in which this livestock is currently exploited in Austria is concentrated around Salzburg, the eastern part of Steiermark, eastern Tyrol, and Carinthia.
The largest concentration of these animals is in an area of the Alps of northern Austria, in whose center rises the Glockner Glockner with its 3,798 meters.
The animals live in the valleys and on the lower slopes of the mountains at altitudes of 500 to 1,500 meters, but they graze at heights of up to 2,500 meters in the summer.
In the valleys are alluvial and colluvial soils with appreciable quantities of clay in the upper strata. While in the mountains the brown podsolic soils are more common.
For a long time, these animals have been used as draft beasts on farms and their muscular development.
“As well as the resistance and durability of their hooves, they allow them to work long hours on rough floors.”
Its wide and deep body and its well-arched ribs give them a wide capacity to use rough forages. And its skeleton, strong and wide, allows the development of an abundant musculature.
Naturally, the size and the weight depending on the feeding and for that reason in the valleys, they are not equal that in the mountainous slopes more elevated.
The color is typical of this breed, walnut coffee, and white, the pattern of distribution is as follows:
The head and neck are brown as well as the sides of the thorax and abdomen. You may also like to read Hereford Cattle.
The white color appears from the cross to the tail, descends through the haunch and udder and projects down the lower abdomen to the sternum.
The dark limbs to the hock and the elbow. The skin is loose and elastic and is pigment in areas where the hair is dark.
Also, the skin of this breed is highly prized in the shoe and tanning industry. The adult cows weigh 600 kg and the males weigh 915 kg.
The racial average is located at 4,500 kg per lactation. Lateral horns in the males; in females, they tend to bend forward and up.
Pinzgauer cattle is a double purpose and/or meat breed with special emphasis on milk production. You may also like to read Dexter Cattle.
It also serves for commercial crossing with breeds of meat and milk. It has an unbeatable adaptability in general and, especially, the grass.
Pinzgauer cattle their feeding level and management systems are extremely variable. And they oscillate between a diet in complete stable regime throughout the year, even in the valleys.
Up to a more normal system of summer grazing and stabling in the winter. The general feeding modalities are analogous.
Although in the lowlands these cattle are exploited. Mainly as producers of milk and meat, they are used for work both in the valleys and in the mountains.
Pinzgauer cattle is mountain cattle, or cool temperate, although it supports torrid summers well.
It is found in Germany, Austria and Italy and exports are known to other continents. You may also like to read Simmental Cattle.
However, it does not seem to have a notable impact and it is doubtful that it will be projected with the success of other competitive breeds.
The Pinzgauer cow is capable of producing a satisfactory milk yield under low input feeding conditions and in difficult environments.
These animals are excellent slaughter animals and it is very common to raise young oxen for meat production.
They fatten satisfactorily grazed or stabled and at 3 years of age give a 55 to 65 percent yield to the carcass and an approximate live weight of 900 kilograms.
The males of this breed are used for work at 2 years of age, but the females can reach 4 years before using them for this purpose.
They are docile and calm-tempered animals and work from 4 to 7 hours per day in all kinds of agricultural tasks for 80 to 100 days per year.
They can withstand great efforts and work in a wide variety of climatic and soil conditions.
As a reference: Wikipedia