Cattle Breeds: Multiple Purposes Cattle Breeds

The following list of cattle breeds is a big list of breeds of cattle. More than 800 breeds of cattle are recognized worldwide. Some of them adapted to the local climate, others were raised by man for specialized uses. Races are divided into two main types, considered as either closely related species, or two subspecies of a species.

Bos indicus (or Bos taurus Indica) of zebu cattle, also called, adapt to warm climates. Bos taurus (or Bos taurus Taurus) is the typical animal of Europe, northeastern Asia, and parts of Africa, and many adapt to colder climates. Taurus/Hybrid Indica are widely bred in many warmer regions, combining features of both types of ancestral (such as Sanga cattle from Africa).

Cattle Breeds

In some parts of the world, new species of cattle are found (both in the wild and domestic animals), and some of them are so closely related to Taurus and Indicus Cattle among species that hybrids have been bred. You Can Also Read Cattle Diseases

Examples include the Lulu cattle dwarfs of the Nepal mountains with yak blood, North American Beefalo with bison genes, Selembu breed of India and Bhutan with gayal genes. The Madura race of Indonesia may have Banteng in their paternity.

The Dzo of Nepal is an infertile crossing of yak-cattle that are bred for agricultural work. Like the mule that is infertile, they have to be continuously generated from the parent species.

Multiple Purposes Cattle Breeds

BreedCountry/Region of originMeatDairy
Aberdeen AngusScotlandMeatDairy
AbergeleEthiopiaMeatDairy
AbigarEthiopiaDairy
AbondanceFranceMeatDairy
Abyssinian Shorthorned ZebuEthiopia
AcehIndonesiaMeat
AchhamNepalDairy
AdamawaNigeriaMeatDairy
AdaptaurAustraliaMeat
AfarEthiopiaMeatDairy
AfricangusUnited StatesMeat
AfrikanerSouth AfricaMeat
AgeroleseItalyDairy
AlambadiIndia
AlatauKazakhstanMeatDairy
AlbanianAlbaniaDairy
AlberaSpainMeat
AlderneyChannel IslandsDairy
AlentejanaPortugalMeat
Aleutian wild cattleUnited States
Aliad DinkaSouth Sudan
Alistana-SanabresaSpain
AllmogekorSwedenMeat
AlurDemocratic Republic of the Congo
AmericanUnited StatesMeat
American AngusUnited States
American Beef FriesianUnited States
American Brown SwissUnited StatesDairy
American Milking DevonUnited StatesMeatDairy
American White ParkUnited StatesMeatDairy
AmerifaxUnited StatesMeatDairy
Amrit MahalIndia
Amsterdam Island cattleAmsterdam Island
Anatolian BlackTurkeyMeatDairy
Andalusian BlackSpainMeat
Andalusian BlondSpain
Andalusian GreySpain
AngelnGermanyDairy
AngoniMalawi
AnkinaUnited States
AnkoleEast Africameatdairy
Ankole-WatusiUnited States
AracenaSpain
AradoEthiopiaMeatDairy
Argentine CriolloArgentinaMeatDairy
Argentine FriesianArgentinaDairy
ArmoricanFranceMeatDairy
ArouquesaPortugalMeatDairy
ArsiEthiopia
Asturian MountainSpainMeatDairy
Asturian ValleySpainMeatDairy
AubracFranceMeatDairy
Aulie-AtaKazakhstanDairy
Aure et Saint-GironsFranceMeatDairy
Australian BrafordAustraliaMeat
Australian BrangusAustraliaMeat
Australian CharbrayAustraliaMeat
Australian Friesian SahiwalAustraliaDairy
Australian LowlineAustraliaMeat
Australian Milking ZebuAustraliaDairy
Australian ShorthornAustraliaMeat
Austrian SimmentalAustria
Austrian YellowAustria
AvétonouTogo
Avileña-Negra IbéricaSpain
Aweil DinkaSouth Sudan
AyrshireScotlandDairy
AzaouakMali
AzebuadoBrazil
Azerbaijan ZebuAzerbaijan
AzoresPortugal
Bachaur cattleIndiaDairy
Baherie cattleEritreaMeatDairy
Bakosi cattleCameroonMeat
BalancerUnited StatesMeatDairy
BaouleIvory CoastDairy
Bargur cattleIndiaDairy
BarrosãPortugalMeat
BarzonaUnited StatesMeat
BazadaiseFranceMeat
Beef FreisianUnited StatesMeatDairy
BeefaloUnited StatesMeat
BeefmakerUnited StatesMeat
BeefmasterUnited StatesMeat
BegaytEthiopiaMeatDairy
Belgian BlueBelgiumMeatDairy
Belgian RedBelgiumMeatDairy
Belgian Red PiedBelgiumMeatDairy
Belgian White-and-RedBelgiumMeatDairy
Belmont RedAustraliaMeat
Belted GallowayScotlandDairy
BerneseSwitzerland
Berrenda cattleSpainMeatDairy
BetizuSpain/FranceMeat
Bianca ModeneseItalyMeatDairy
BlaarkopNetherlandsMeatDairy
Black AngusScotlandMeatDairy
Black BaldyAustraliaMeat
Black HerefordEnglandMeat
Blanca CacereñaSpainMeatDairy
Blanco Orejinegro BONColombiaMeatDairy
Blonde d’AquitaineFranceMeatDairy
Blue AlbionGreat BritainMeat
Blue GreyGreat BritainMeat
BohuskullaSweden
BonsmaraSouth AfricaMeat
Boraneastern AfricaMeat
BoškarinCroatia, SloveniaMeatDairy
BrafordUnited StatesMeat
BrahmanIndiaMeatDairy
BrahmousinUnited StatesMeat
BrangusUnited StatesMeat
BraunviehSwitzerlandMeatDairy
BravaSpain
Bretonne Pie NoirFranceDairy
British WhiteGreat BritainMeatDairy
British FriesianGreat BritainDairy
Brown CarpathianUkraine
Brown CaucasianArmeniaMeatDairy
Brown SwissSwitzerlandDairy
Bue LingoUnited StatesMeatDairy
BurlinaItalyDairy
Buša cattleformer YugoslaviaMeatDairy
Butana cattleSudanDairy
BushuyevUzbekistanDairy
CachenaPortugal/SpainMeatDairy
CaldelanaSpainMeatDairy
CamargueFranceMeat
Campbell Island cattleNew Zealand
Canadian Speckle ParkCanadaMeat
CanadienneCanadaMeatDairy
CanariaSpainMeat
CanchimBrazilMeat
CaracuBrazilMeatDairy
Cárdena AndaluzaSpainMeat
Carinthian BlondviehAustriaMeatDairy
CaroraVenezuelanMeatDairy
CharbrayUnited StatesMeat
CharolaisFranceMeat
Chateaubriand
ChiangusMeat
ChianinaItalyMeat
Chillingham cattleEngland
Chinese Black PiedChinaDairy
CholistaniPakistanDairy
Cika cattleSloveniaMeatDairy
Coloursided White BackMeatDairy
Commercial
CorrienteSpainMeatDairy
Corsican cattleCorsicaMeat
Costeño con CuernosColombiaMeat
Crioulo Lageano
DajalPakistanMeatDairy
Dangi cattleIndia
Danish Black-PiedDenmark
Danish JerseyDenmarkDairy
Danish RedDenmarkMeatDairy
Deep Red cattleMeatDairy
DeoniIndiaDairy
DevonEnglandMeatDairy
Dexter cattleIrelandMeatDairy
DhanniPakistanMeatDairy
Doayo cattleCameroon
Doela
DrakensbergerSouth AfricaMeatDairy
DølafeNorwayMeatDairy
DroughtmasterAustraliaMeat
Dulong’Meat
Dutch BeltedNetherlandsMeatDairy
Dutch FriesianNetherlandsMeatDairy
Dwarf Lulu
East Anatolian RedDairy
Eastern FinncattleFinlandMeatDairy
Eastern Red Polled
Enderby Island cattleNew Zealand
English LonghornEnglandMeatDairy
Ennstaler BergscheckAustriaMeat
Estonian HolsteinEstoniaDairy
Estonian NativeEstonia
Estonian Red cattleEstoniaMeatDairy
Évolène cattleSwitzerlandDairy
Fēng CattleChinaMeatDiary
Finnish AyrshireFinland
FinncattleFinlandMeatDairy
Finnish Holstein-FriesianFinland
FjällSwedenMeatDairy
FleckviehAustriaMeatDairy
Florida Cracker cattleUnited StatesMeat
FogeraEthiopiaMeatDairy
French SimmentalFranceMeatDairy
FribourgeoiseSwitzerland
Friesian Red and WhiteMeatDairy
Fulani SudaneseMeatDairy
Galician BlondSpainMeatDairy
Galloway cattleScotlandMeatDairy
GangatiriIndiaDairy
GaolaoIndiaDairy
GarvonesaPortugalMeat
Gascon cattleFranceMeat
GelbviehGermanyMeatDairy
Georgian Mountain cattleGeorgiaMeatDairy
German AngusGermanyMeat
German Black Pied cattleGermanyDairy
German Black Pied DairyGermanyDairy
German Red PiedGermanyMeatDairy
GirIndiaDairy
Glamorgan cattleEnglandMeatDairy
Glan cattleGermanyMeatDairy
GloucesterEnglandMeatDairy
GobraMeat
Greek ShorthornGreeceMeatDairy
Greek SteppeGreeceMeatDairy
Greyman cattleAustraliaMeat
GudaliIran/PersiaDairy
Guernsey cattleChannel IslandsDairy
GuzeráBrazilMeat
Hallikar[4]India
HanwooKoreaMeat
Hariana cattleIndiaDairy
Hartón del ValleColombiaMeatDairy
Harzer RotviehGermanyMeatDairy
Hays ConverterCanadaMeat
Heck cattleGermany
HerefordEnglandMeat
HerensSwitzerlandMeat
HybridmasterMeatDairy
Highland cattleScotlandMeat
HinterwaldGermanyMeatDairy
Holando-ArgentinoArgentinaMeatDairy
Holstein Friesian cattleGermany, the NetherlandsMeatDairy
HorroEthiopiaMeat
Huáng CattleChinaMeatDairy
Hungarian GreyHungaryMeat
Iberian cattleSpain
IcelandicIcelandDairy
Illawarra cattleAustraliaMeatDairy
Improved Red and WhiteMeat
Indo-BrazilianMeat
Irish MoiledIrelandMeatDairy
Israeli HolsteinDairy
Israeli RedMeatDairy
Istoben cattleMeatDairy
Istrian cattle
Jamaica BlackJamaicaMeatDairy
Jamaica HopeJamaicaDairy
Jamaica RedJamaicaMeat
Japanese BrownJapanMeat
JarmelistaPortugalMeat
Javari cattleIndia
Jersey cattleChannel IslandsDairy
Jutland cattleDenmarkMeatDairy
Kabin Buri cattleThailandMeatDairy
Kalmyk cattleRussiaMeatDairy
KangayamIndiaDairy
KankrejIndia
Kamphaeng Saen cattleThailandMeat
Karan SwissMeatDairy
Kasaragod Dwarf cattleIndiaDairy
KathiawadiIndia
Kazakh WhiteheadedMeatDairy
Kenana cattleSudanDairy
Kenkatha cattleIndia
Kerry cattleIrelandMeatDairy
KherigarhIndia
Khillari cattleIndia
KholomogoryRussiaMeatDairy
Korat WagyuThailandMeat
Kostroma cattleRussiaMeatDairy
Krishna Valley cattleIndiaDairy
KuriMeatDairy
Kurgan cattleRussiaMeatDairy
La Reina cattleNicaraguaMeatDairy
Lakenvelder cattleNetherlandsDairy
Lampurger
Latvian Blue
Latvian BrownLatviaMeatDairy
Latvian Danish RedLatviaMeatDairy
LebedynUkraine
LevantinaMeat
Limia cattleSpainMeatDairy
LimousinFranceMeat
LimpurgerMeatDairy
Lincoln RedEnglandMeat
LinebackCanadaDairy
Lithuanian Black-and-White
Lithuanian Light Grey
Lithuanian RedLithuaniaMeat
Lithuanian White-Backed
Lohani cattleMeat
LourdaisFranceMeatDairy
Lucerna cattleSouth America
LuingScotlandMeat
Madagascar ZebuMeatDairy
MaduraIndonesiaMeatDairy
Maine-AnjouFranceMeatDairy
Malnad GiddaIndiaDairy
MalviIndiaDairy
Mandalong SpecialMeat
Mantequera LeonesaMeatDairy
Maramureş BrownRomania
MarchigianaItalyMeat
MaremmanaItalyMeatDairy
MarinhoaPortugalMeatDairy
MaronesaPortugalMeatDairy
MasaiMeat
MashonaMeat
MenorquinaDairy
MertolengaPortugalMeat
Meuse-Rhine-IsselNetherlandsMeatDairy
MewatiIndiaDairy
Milking ShorthornGreat BritainMeatDairy
MinhotaPortugalMeatDairy
MirandesaPortugalMeat
MirkadimBangladeshMeat
MocăniţăRomania
MollieSpainMeat
MonchinaSpainMeat
MongolianChinaMeat
MontbéliardeFranceMeatDairy
MoruchaMeat
MuturuNigeriaMeatDairy
MurbodenAustriaMeatDairy
Murnau-WerdenfelsGermanyDairy
Murray GreyAustraliaMeat
NagoriIndia
N’DamaGuineaMeatDairy
Negra AndaluzaSpainMeat
NeloreBrazilMeat
NguniSouthern AfricaMeatDairy
NimariIndia
NormandeFranceMeatDairy
North Bengal GreyBangladeshMeatDairy
Northern FinncattleFinlandMeatDairy
Northern ShorthornGreat BritainDairy
Norwegian RedNorwayMeatDairy
OngoleIndiaMeatDairy
Original SimmentalSwitzerlandMeatDairy
PajunaSpainMeat
PalmeraMeat
PantaneiroBrazil
Parda AlpinaSpainMeatDairy
ParthenaiseFranceMeat
PasiegaSpainDairy
PembrokeWalesMeatDairy
Philippine NativePhilippinesMeatDairy
Pie Rouge des PlainesFranceDairy
Piedmontese cattleItalyMeatDairy
PineywoodsMeatDairy
PinzgauerAustriaMeatDairy
PirenaicaMeat
PodolacCroatiaMeatDairy
PodolicaItalyMeatDairy
Polish Black-and-White
Polish RedPolandMeatDairy
Polled HerefordEnglandMeat
Poll ShorthornAustraliaMeat
Polled ShorthornUnited StatesMeat
PonwarIndia
PretaPortugalMeat
Prim’HolsteinFranceMeatDairy
PunganurIndiaMeatDairy
PulikulamIndiaDairy
Pustertaler SprinzenMeat
QinchaunChinaMeat
Queensland Miniature BoranMeat
R[edit]
Ramo GrandePortugalMeatDairy
RandallUnited StatesMeatDairy
Raramuri CriolloChihuahua, MexicoMeatDairy
RathiIndiaDairy
Rätisches GrauviehSwitzerlandmeatdairy
RayaEthiopiaMeatDairy
Red AngusScotlandMeatDairy
Red BrangusMeat
Red ChittagongBangladesh
Red FulaniWest AfricaMeat
Red GorbatovRussiaDairy
Red HolsteinDairy
Red KandhariIndia
Red MingrelianGeorgiaMeatDairy
Red PollEnglandMeatDairy
Red Polled ØstlandNorwayMeatDairy
Red SindhiIndia/PakistanMeatDairy
RetintaMeat
Riggit GallowayMeat
RingamålaSwedenDairy
RohjanMeat
RomagnolaItalyMeat
Romanian BălţataRomania
Romanian Steppe GrayRomania
RomosinuanoColombiaMeat
Russian Black PiedRussiaMeatDairy
RX3Meat
SahiwalIndia/PakistanDairy
SalersFranceMeat
SalornMeat
SangaMeat
SanheMeatDairy
Santa CruzUnited StatesMeat
Santa GertrudisUnited StatesMeat
SayaguesaSpainMeat
Schwyz
SelembuMeatDairy
SenepolMeat
Serbian PiedSerbiaDairy
Serbian SteppeSerbia
ShekoEthiopia
ShetlandScotlandMeat
ShorthornEnglandMeat
Siboney de CubaMeat
SimbrahMeat
SimfordMeat
SimmentalSwitzerlandMeatDairy
SiriBhutanDairy
South DevonEnglandMeatDairy
Spanish Fighting BullSpainMeat
Speckle ParkCanadaMeat
Square MeaterAustraliaMeat
SussexEnglandMeat
Swedish FriesianDairy
Swedish PolledDairy
Swedish Red PiedDairy
Swedish Red PolledMeatDairy
Swedish Red-and-WhiteMeatDairy
TabapuãBrazilMeatDairy
TarentaiseFranceMeatDairy
Tasmanian GreyMeat
Tauros
TelemarkNorwayMeatDairy
Texas LonghornUnited StatesMeatDairy
TexonMeat
Thai BlackThailandMeat
Thai Fighting BullThailand
Thai FriesianThailandDairy
Thai Milking ZebuThailandDairy
TharparkarIndia/ PakistanDairy
TswanaBotswanaMeatDairy
TudancaSpainMeatDairy
TuliZimbabweMeatDairy
TulimMeat
Turkish Grey SteppeMeat
Tux-ZillertalDairy
Tyrol GreyAustriaMeatDairy
UmblacheryIndiaDairy
Ukrainian GreyUkraine
Valdostana CastanaItaly
Valdostana Pezzata NeraItaly
Valdostana Pezzata RossaItaly
VänekoSweden
VaynolScotlandMeat
Vechur[8]IndiaDairy
Vestland FjordNorwayMeatDairy
Vestland Red PolledNorwayMeatDairy
VianesaMeatDairy
Volinian BeefUkraineMeat
VorderwaldGermanyMeatDairy
VosgienneFranceMeatDairy
WagyuJapanMeat
WaguliUSAMeat
WangusMeat
Welsh BlackWalesMeat
Western FinncattleFinlandMeatDairy
White CáceresMeat
White FulaniMeat
White LamphunThailand
White ParkGreat BritainMeatDairy
Whitebred ShorthornGreat BritainMeat
Xingjiang BrownMeatDairy
YakutianRussiaMeatDairy
YanbianChina
YanhuangChina
YurinoUkraine
ŻubrońPolandMeat
ZebuMeatDairy

Conclusion

Cattle are some of the oldest domesticated animals. There are more than 800 breeds of cattle recognized worldwide, with many subspecies and races within each breed. Some adapted to their local climate while others were raised by man for specialized uses like dairy or beef production. The list below is a big list of breeds that represent just a small fraction of all the different types you may come across when purchasing your next cow! Good luck with your search!

As A Reference: Wikipedia

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