Alabio Duck: Local Indonesian Breed

The Alabio duck is a breed that was developed in Indonesia, and to create their crossbreed Pekin ducks with local ducks in that country. What resulted in an egg-laying race and that lately this race has been raised to consume its meat. We have found a number of ducks to which they place the name is by their place of origin, however, the name of this duck comes from a researcher who contributed to its development.

In Indonesia, Alabio ducks are a popular breed of domestic duck. Alabio ducks were originally found in the Alabian River region of South Kalimantan and spread to other parts of Indonesia through trade routes with neighboring countries. Alabios are an important part of Indonesian cuisine and culture because they can be used to make nata de coco, a traditional dish made from coconut milk, sugar and pandanus leaves.

Alabio duck

Characteristics of Alabio Duck

The Alabio duck body color is brown. Males of this breed differ in that they have blue or green heads, while females have a light brown color on their heads. Your body is usually brown with white spots and has a line around your eyes. The females weight between 1.6 to 1.8kg and the male’s weight between 1.8 and 2kg.

Although 5 to 10 eggs can be produced per laying, it has been proven that the Alabio breed can produce between 200 and 250 eggs, weighing 65 to 70 grams per unit. The eggs are born within 26 to 28 days. Their eggs have a high nutritional value, and the shell is thick so the eggs can be kept fresh for a long time.

The posture of your body forms a perfect angle of 60 °, which makes your body always standing and standing in an elegant way. If viewed from an upright position, from head to toe the silhouette of this species is in the form of a bottle.

Their feet are thin, have soft tissue, and few muscles which help them to be good swimmers. The Alabio duck temperament is energetic and docile, making it easy to breed.


The Alabio duck diet is based on eating bran from rice, organic foods, crustaceans, insects, and plants, and they need to have potable water available. They can also be left open for them to look for their own food.


The Alabio duck is the breed for the double purpose. It’s meat and for producing eggs. Although raised with the intention of creating an excellent egg-laying breed. It is also produced for its meat. Its meat is of good quality and is eaten all over the world. So the country produces them for export.

Special Feature

The Alabio duck breed grows very fast, between 5 and 8 weeks is already developed enough to consume its meat. They can be obtained in lakes, ponds or swamps. Crosses have been made to seek to improve the production of both egg and meat made by this species. For Crosses, they are some physical characteristics that change.

Such as the color of its beak, the color of its feathers and the color of its legs. The color variations that occur when these crosses are made are dark orange, medium orange and yellow. And the colors of the peaks are orange, dark orange, mustard yellow and brown. They are excellent swimmers.

The Alabio duck can live between 4 to 8years but have observed some species that come to live up to 12years. They become resistant birds, and depending on the care they have can live a lot. The females of the Alabio breed become excellent mothers. They take care of their nest once they have laid their eggs, and protect them from any predators.

Even once they have been born the ducklings stay close to them to take care of them. There are more than 3,000,000 individuals of this species and several farms are obtained in Indonesia where they reproduce and maintain this species.

Duck Profile

Duck NameAlabio Duck
Other NameItik Alabio
Duck PurposeMeat and eggs laying
Feather colorBlue and green
Weight1.6 to 2 Kg
Climate ToleranceWarm climates
Egg ColorWhite
Egg SizeMedium
Egg ProductivityHigh (200 to 250 eggs in the year).
Country of OriginIndonesia


We hope this guide has helped you understand the Alabio duck breed. If you live in Indonesia, there are many opportunities to find delicious locally grown eggs and meat from these ducks at your local market or wet markets. This is not only because it’s a common food source for people living on that side of the world but also because they’re very popular among tourists coming into South Kalimantan. The adventurous travelers can try dishes like roast Itik Alabio with rice and vegetables! Good luck finding out more about this fascinating regional animal.

As A Reference: Wikipedia

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.

Scroll to Top