Cayuga Duck: An American Duck

The Cayuga Duck is a black, docile duck that can have its origin in the New York Finger Lakes region. The history of this particular breed of duck is still questionable. Many believe that these ducks were bred from a pair of wild ducks in Dutchess County, New York, in 1809, and that the ducks were then called “Cayuga” after the natives of the New York region Finger Lakes. Others believe that the duck is descended from a similar black native breed in England, and was introduced to the Finger Lakes region of a John S. Clark in 1840.

The breed was accepted by the American Standard Poultry Association for perfection in 1874. It is believed to have been very popular in the United States at the end of the 19th century, until displaced other races it. Cayuga duck may have been bred by a pair of wild ducks in early 19th-century America. Others believe, however, that the Cayuga duck probably comes from a similar native race from Lancashire, England.

Cayuga Duck

Characteristics of Cayuga Duck

This breed of duck can often produce between 100 and 150 eggs each year. They are considered to be good for eating, easy to tame, self-sufficient, and hardy. The plumage of black Cayuga ducks with a metallic green color. With the aging of the birds, the plumage sometimes becomes mottled white. The bill is usually black, but can be in olive green near the tip. The feet of the Cayuga duck is typically dark or black but may take on an orange color as the duck grows.

The Cayuga Duck is considered very well for its meat. As a general rule, reach a size of about 7 to 8 pounds (3.2 kg to 3.6 kg). These feathers ducks typically have a very dark color, and therefore can often be difficult to clean. Skinning, rather than plucking, Cayuga duck is often recommended.

These ducks are considered very good breeders and usually, produce a large number of eggs. The May Cayuga duck as can be produced from 100 to 150 eggs per year. Eggs are often eaten. The color of the eggs may change during the laying season. Eggs can be very dark at the beginning of season poses, but often lighten up at the end of the season.

Considered a resistant species, it is said that the Cayuga duck to be easy to master and treat. This duck breed is considered ideal for climates experiencing cold winters. Cayuga ducks are considered largely self-sufficient. These ducks are often heavily reliant on foods that would feed on themselves if given the opportunity to properly feed. When they are raised by hand, however, these ducks are considered very easy to tame.


Much of the diet of this breed is made up of fodder, as it travels many places and manages the spaces to get your food.


There is only one variety of this species. So it makes them very difficult to find.


They are ducks that are resistant to any weather, so not only serve to raise and consume their meat but also produce a high amount of eggs per year, so having several ducks of this breed will help a fruitful production. It has very high-quality meat with an intense fleshy taste. While it is smaller than the other more conventional duck breeds, it produces succulent deep red meat with a complex taste. Cayuga duck egg whites are firmer than hen’s eggs. Cayugas acquire extensive mottled white with age.

Special Feature

The behavior of the Cayuga ducks allows the man to be able to raise them and to tame them since they are docile, this benefits us in the level of care towards them, for their egg production. Another advantage is that they cannot fly due to the limbs that are not fit to use those advantages allow us to have consumption of them for their excellent meat. The United States has been one of the breeding producers of these ducks. These ducks are calm and can be tamed.

This is a very melancholic breed and they are excellent parents. Their fertility rate is almost 100% and they raise their own eggs. They love water and it requires it to be healthy. If the water is provided by artificial means, it should be kept clean and changed regularly to ensure the health of the ducks. If you leave them alone in an area with an adequate supply of water and they will be happy to walk and fodder for insects and vegetables. There are no valuables and meek birds very easily.

Duck Profile

Duck NameCayuga Duck
Other NameNone
Duck PurposeMeat, Eggs.
Feather colorBlack
Weight3.2 to 3.6 kg
Climate ToleranceAll Climates
Egg ColorWhite and green.
Egg SizeMedium
Egg WeightUp to 65 grams
Egg Productivity80 to 150 eggs in the year
Country of OriginThe United States.


The Cayuga is a breed of American domestic duck, which was introduced to the Finger Lakes region in about 1840. It was one of the most popular breeds for meat production until the last years of the nineteenth century. If you are looking for information on this type of duck or know someone who might be interested, then look no further! We have compiled all that you need to know about these ducks here in our blog post. Enjoy and good luck with your breeding endeavors!

As A Reference: Wikipedia

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