Layer poultry farming:
In this article, we will no layer poultry farming. Laying hens perform this function between 12 and 14 months of their life. That chickens are happy and do not suffer stress is a key factor in egg laying.
To avoid stress in the hens it is advisable to follow a series of routines in their care, such as feeding them at the same time every day.
To develop their life with complete normality, these animals will need to follow a series of basic guidelines to lay their eggs and even increase the number of their production.
The place to live or henhouse:
That each of the chickens has a suitable place to develop their activity is a key factor that could affect the production of eggs.
The size that we will provide to each chicken coop has to be enough for each animal to move freely, exercise and can lay eggs.
The henhouse should be a place that shade and protect chickens from the cold.
It must also be surrounded by a fence, in order to prevent the chickens from escaping or from being attacked by an animal. The security that the hens feel will make them lay eggs or not.
Nest or laying boxes:
It will be a closed place, with an opening where the chicken can enter. This space must be large enough so that each animal can enter inside and turn on itself.
In addition, the floor of the box must be covered with some material, such as straw, which serves to create a comfortable and soft bed.
It is very important to maintain the cleanliness of the nest. So that the material of the bed will be changed every time it is dirty. It is also convenient to put a fake wooden or plastic egg in the nest.
This simple gesture will indicate to the hens the place where they have to lay their eggs since they will also feel safe to do it there.
Remove the peak:
The remove the peak, or also known as the cutting off the beaks of chickens, occurs mainly for three important reasons:
- Avoid cannibalism or feather pecking in birds.
- Prevent birds from wasting food and maximizing consumption.
- Prevent chickens from breaking the egg at the time of laying.
The remove the peak is usually done in birds for commercial exploitation of eggs.
Two removes of the peak being made in the bird before the first position:
The first from 8 to 12 days. During that time there is a natural influx of vitamin K in the bird that prevents bleeding.
The second 10 to 12 weeks when they are already adults. They have to have an application of vitamin K 48 hrs before to avoid bleeding.
It is important to emphasize that it is not good to shed birds when they are close to their sexual maturity because this causes a delay in the posture.
Birds should not be flushed in the post-vaccination period. Also should have enough feeding in the feeders after the remove the peak for a week.
After the release the remove of the peak, the chicken have to drink water with vitamin K and a vitamin to relieve bird stress.
The remove the peak is performed as a cut in the middle of the peak, between the tip and the nostrils. You may also like to read Pekin Chicken.
It must be done in an optimal way to prevent the bird from suffering and having a total closure of its position.
The appropriate time for cauterization should be between 3 to 4 seconds. If it exceeds that time the bird can suffer brain damage and become unusable.
These animals have a gland that is sensitive to light that affects egg laying. You may also like to read Houdan Chicken.
For this reason, it will be necessary that these animals receive at least 12 hours of light a day, either naturally or artificially.
A reduction in the time they are exposed to light will also reduce the number of eggs they put. You may also like to read Dominique Chicken.
This element can never be missing in their habitat. Hens should always have clean and fresh water since they are animals that drink a lot.
Feeding the hens:
It is convenient to give these animals a specific type of feed for laying hens. Breeders can find it in almost all stores that sell animal feed.
This type of feed is composed of grains of cereals, such as corn or wheat. In addition to the feed, the hens will have to complete their diet with another series of foods.
These foods will consist of fresh vegetables, insects, and worms. The contribution of calcium in the diet is another key factor.
In the feeding of chickens that directly affects the production of eggs. One way to provide it is by putting crushed oyster shells.
These are the main care that breeders have to follow to have laying hens. Finally, always remember to remove the eggs laid daily, because if they could not break or spoil.
As a reference: Wikipedia