The Houdan chicken is one of the oldest and best known of the French breeds. French breed, probably derived from the unions between Padovana Black, Crevecoeur and local chickens (municipalities of five fingers Houdan).
It was imported to England in the mid-nineteenth century and later in the United States. It takes its name from Houdan, head of canton in the department of Seine et Oise, near Paris.
In shape and size it is similar to the Dorking and, like this one, the Houdan is highly esteemed for the quality of its meat.
Characteristics Details of Houdan Chicken:
The Houdan chicken is a medium-sized breed. The ears are white and have small bumps. On the other hand, the abdomen is wide. Short gray legs with five fingers.
The fifth finger they have is well distinguished and well spaced; It is implanted inside the tarsus, it is long and it is well upwards.
This bird has a huge bow, its particular crest in oak leaf or butterfly with open wings. It is of strong size, broad body, cylindrical, but elegant.
Its plumage is dense and white, with black feathers speckled with white. It is very good meat since it has very juicy, white and tender.
It has an annual laying off 120 to 150 eggs, with a minimum weight of about 65 gr., With the shell in white.
For its part, the rooster weighs between 2.5 and 3 kg. while the hen weighs between 2 to 2.5 kg. You can also like to read Phoenix Chicken.
The diameter of the rings of the rooster is 20 mm and that of the hen of 18 mm. This breed comes in the following colors: Mottled black in white, white, black and pearl gray.
Chicken is strong enough, wide body, long and cylindrical, but despite this elegant. Attracts attention to its particular butterfly shaped crest.
While the head is strong, well balance with a hemispherical cranial hernia, covered with an abundant plume of feathers.
Usually, the trunk is cylindrical, wide, long incline. In the chicken, it is more horizontally and it is more massive than that of the rooster.
“It also has a short, powerful beak, with a horseshoe-shaped nose mount; nostrils. The color of the eyes have an orange or reddish iris.”
They have a rudimentary rumble, well hidden from the beard. The face is reddish, partially covered by feathers. The ears are small, hidden by feathers; the color is unimportant.
It also has a plume of medium size, dense and rich; it does not prevent seeing or hiding the crest; looking back; formed by elongated feathers that are born in ahead of herniated skull located in the frontal part of the skull.
In the well, tall and spherical hen. Tolerance allowed to improve eyesight. The beard is the good development and thick; swollen and outstanding favorites.
In the hen, the feathers are a good development and the full beard completely hide the rudimentary bracelets.
The neck is strong, quite short; and with the abundant layer. Also, the shoulders are complete and round.
While the back is wide, medium length and slightly incline to approach the horizon as much as possible. You can also like to read Cornish Chicken.
In the hen, the back is moderately long, wide and horizontal. The tail is very large, well development sickle-shape dotted angle range without being too detect.
In medium and closed chicken, large enough to hang and hold more horizontally than the rooster. While the chest wide, very deep and descending. In the chicken very complete.
On the other hand, short legs, strong enough, not visible, very wide. Tassels of medium length; naked; strong; color according to Variety. Also, they have a well-developed belly.
Houdan chicken has been valuing mainly in meat production. Its fast growth and its juicy, white and tender flesh. While their bones are thin, so their meat is plentiful and of good quality.
In the second place, its egg production has been taking into account, which has been early and has an average production.
It does not become clue, for which methods of artificial incubation are uses. It has not been characterizing as being a winter layer, nor for being an incubator. This race is also ornamental, so it takes to events for its exhibition.
Houdan chicken breeders also greatly admire its black and varnished feathers, regularly finished in a white spot and its abundant and round crest, which is one of the most distinctive characteristics of this breed. You can also like to read Leghorn Chicken.
So they have a high longevity, this breed comes to live between 8 and 10 years.
Defects of the race:
- Simple or very large ridge.
- Very small, split cap.
- With four fingers, or the fifth finger hooked to the fourth.
- Beard and small whiskers.
- Quiet temperament.
As a Reference: Wikipedia