Cheviot Sheep: White-faced Species

The Cheviot sheep is a native breed of Scotland, a great producer of meat and wool, very adaptable and head devoid of wool. The Cheviot sheep originally from the Cheviot Mountains of Scotland is a beautiful animal. It has spread widely in Canada, Falkland Islands, Russia, Kenya, South Africa and New Zealand. This whitish and semi-fine wool can be dyed very well and prepared against moisture.

This race was recognized at the end of the 14th century.  have evolved from sheep that swam to the coast of shipwrecked Spanish ships. The Cheviot Sheep was not created by crossing several races, it is a race of pure origin.

Cheviot Sheep

Characteristics Details of Cheviot Sheep

The Cheviot sheep is a mainly meat-producing breed. It also has high wool performance. They have the characteristic of adapting easily to different climates. He does not have wool on his head, which is completely white. Males weigh around 70 and 90 kg, while females weigh between 55 and 80 kg and lambs weigh between 30 and 50 kg.

It is an excellent breed for mountainous areas. It has a sturdy body and has fine white hair on the face, legs, and head. The fleece is white and firm, without colored wool, and very dense. Cheviot sheep live more than 3,000 meters above sea level. They are resistant sheep in very cold climates highly recommended for those who are dedicated to raising sheep. 

They are producers of white wool and meat, except for the noses, lips, and hooves that are black. The head is short, wide without wool. While the ears are straight and raised. For its part, the extremities are devoid of wool. Both the male and the female of this species do not have horns. Produces 4-5 pounds of wool per shearing.

Cheviots are extremely hardy and can withstand harsh winters and graze over mountainous grasslands. They were raised to take care of themselves. Also, this breed is a very alert, active sheep, with an elegant and animated carriage. Lana Cheviot has a distinctive helical curl, which gives it a highly desirable recovery capacity.

The fiber length of the fiber is 8 to 10 cm; annual shearing product. Producing 3 kg. of wool in the female and 4 kg of wool in the sheep. The structure of the wool is helical, which provides enough elasticity to the fiber. Another of the good characteristics of wool is that they have a high percentage of performance, reaching up to 75%.

This indicates that the percentage of wool that is lost at the time of making or gathering the wool is low. You may also like to read Shetland Sheep.


The Cheviot sheep, in good pastures, presents high yields, producing females a high percentage of twins. They are good seekers of food, even in the most adverse conditions, when there is hot weather and when food is very little. You may also like to read Jacob Sheep.


The Cheviot sheep are semi precocious, their body structure and the excellent quality of their meat make them very appreciated for the ennoblement of other sheep breeds. They are quite prolific and good milk producers. The amount of wool produced by Cheviot sheep accounts for ¼ of Scotland’s total production.

The wool of this species is usually combined with the wool of other species to provide strength and durability. Also, the characteristics of the wool do not be affected by putrefaction or problems with flies. You may also like to read Valais Blacknose Sheep.

Special Feature

The Cheviot sheep is a breed that does distinguish by its elegant appearance, and also has to perform steps in a coordinated manner. This race is shown in exhibitions and admirers of this breed consider this race with an aristocratic bearing. Which draws attention to the exhibitions. The females of this species are good mothers by nature.

In addition, they are very good and have calving ease. In general, most of the births produced by this breed are multiple or twin. However, the female of this species produces enough milk to be able to nurse their lambs. The small lambs of this breed are fully active and also strong.

That this breed is active from an early age makes it easy for breeders to raise them. And the farmers look for this race because they are active and because they are very resistant, which does not cause losses. This species has black and hard legs, characteristic that makes it resistant to rotting feet.

In addition, this species is resistant to carrying worms, so it can be in an environment where there are flies and will not be affected. Also, this species, not having wool on its face, does not suffer from blindness.


The Cheviot is a breed of white-faced sheep which gets its name from the Cheviot Hills in Northumberland and the Scottish Borders. It was imported into England by King James I to improve native breeds, but it has never been as popular there as other British wool varieties. This guide should have helped you get started with buying or selling this old favorite! Good luck with your pursuit.

As a Reference: Wikipedia

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