The muscovy duck (Cairina moschata) is native to South America, where it lives in the wild since, before its domestication, many years ago. It is also known by the names of Duck muscovi, criollo, berberia etc. Its name comes from being a silent duck that does not emit almost squawks, unlike other breeds of ducks. It is a bird that is raised mainly by its excellent meat and its speed decrease.
Also known as Barbaria duck, Berberisco, Brazilian, Guinea duck, Creole duck, duck, Peruvian duck, boox-duck and duck originally from South America. it is believed that it entered Europe with the first conquerors. It is a rustic bird, resistant to diseases, has a higher tolerance to high temperatures than the common duck.
Characteristics of Muscovy Duck:
Muscovy duck has black feathers on a large part of its body, the most common variety has greenish reflections. Its beak is broad with red flesh, long body, bulging breast and almost horizontal carving. It presents a very marked sexual dimorphism and the weight of the females corresponds to 55% of the male’s weight.
It has been used a lot in crosses, to improve the meat skills of other ducks. Its color is black and white (usually black body and part of the neck, chest and white head, although it can be, in the case of the captive, completely White, gray and white and reddish brown. The breed standard admits the mixtures of these colors. Rounding the eye and up to the beak, it has characteristic reddish fleshs. The male is almost twice the size and weight that the female, Reach more than 4 kilos.
Despite being raised by his flesh, he is a rather prolific duck. Breeding two or three times a year, with 12 to 18 eggs or more, depending on size let them incubate or are removing eggs. It is a quiet bird that can coexist with other animals, although it is not highly recommended to raise them. In the same place as the hens, since the hens tend to tend to spoil and stir them in their nests. Incuba alone, being a good mother to take care of the ducklings.
If they are loose on a large farm, it is necessary to watch the females in the deposed season, since they tend to look for hidden places, outside the henhouse, for making their nests. If several females are raised together in a chicken coop, they tend to get two legs together to incubate the same eggs.
Stages of the life cycle:
Beginning stage: It begins with the birth of the ducks and lasts until the third week of life, in 1 square meter can be reared 40 ducks of one week, 30 of two weeks and 20 of three two weeks and 20 of three weeks, in This stage is done to them in order to avoid cannibalism; At this stage 90% of the baby ducks survive.
Stage of growth: in this stage, from the fourth to the seventh week, the sexing of the ducks examining the sewer, in the males you can see a very small transparent papilla which protrudes and in the females, you can not see anything.
Fattening stage: this stage goes from the eighth week to the twelfth in the males and up to the tenth or eleventh in the females, the density at this stage is three ducks per square meter.
This breed has precocity in the fattening and great capacity to take advantage of the food that consumes.
They took advantage of both their meat and their eggs, and it was a very tasty animal that even came to weigh 5 kilos in the case of males. The Muscovy duck is a unique species in the humid jungles of South America.
You can sell it for its meat and its eggs. If it is raised at home then takes advantage of its. You can take them young to keep the ducks in the family.
In South America, to avoid this, they use a pointer with side walls and in which the laying surface is only 30 by 30 centimeters. It is not a perfect system, but we do quite well. They usually have about three or four females per male. For the same reason as in the case of the Indian runners. It is curious the liking that they have to eat the flies or the insects in general. Ya of small they persecute them continuously.
In South America, they are used in pig farms to control infestations of flies. They have been tested in a pigs’ house. Releasing a certain amount of flies and it has been proven that these ducks end ten times first with them. After that using the traditional method of strips of gummed paper so that they remain stuck to them. The incubation period is a few days longer than the rest of the ducks, is usually about 34/35 days. It is necessary to sacrifice them when they are young, from 5 to 6 months, because when they are adults their meat gets an unpleasant taste
Main productive characteristics of Muscovy Duck:
|Recommended sacrifice age (days)||88||70|
|Live weight at slaughter (g)||5.000||2.700|
|Conversion rate (kg feed / kg live weight)||2,8||2,8|
|Sexual maturity (weeks)||28||28|