Cumberland Pig: All You Need To Know

Farming pigs is an enriching and rewarding experience, but it can also be a long and arduous process. If you’re looking to take on pig farming as your next agricultural venture, then the Cumberland (extinct) Pig may just be the perfect breed for you! With its renowned flavour profile adding premium flair to pork-based delicacies such as ham and sausages, this unique breed has been gracing tables with its deliciousness since 16th century England – before disappearing without a trace. But don’t worry; thanks to our Ultimate Guide to Cumberland Pig Farming all of your questions will be answered! Discover where this enigmatic breed originated from and why it became extinct.

Cumberland Pig

History & Origin

The Cumberland Pig may now be extinct, but its history and origins are fascinating. This breed of pig was indigenous to the rugged regions of Northern England and Scotland, and it was widely recognized for its hardiness, intelligence, and excellent meat quality. The Cumberland Pig was the result of centuries of selective breeding, and it was well-suited to surviving in a harsh environment where weather conditions could change in an instant. Despite its demise, the Cumberland Pig remains an important part of our agricultural history, and its legacy lives on in other breeds that have been created from its bloodlines.


The Cumberland Pig, although now extinct, had many distinctive characteristics that made it a beloved breed among farmers and pig enthusiasts alike. Known for their long, narrow snouts and floppy ears, these pigs were able to forage for food in the forested regions of Cumberland, England with ease. They also had a unique coat coloration, with black and white stripes mixed together like a marble pattern. Not only were they an aesthetically pleasing animal, but they were also known for their sweet and gentle disposition. It’s unfortunate that the Cumberland Pig is no longer with us, but its legacy lives on in the memories of those who admired its unique traits.


Once a proud and prominent breed, the Cumberland pig has sadly gone extinct. Also known as the Cumberland County, it was originally developed in England in the 18th century. These pigs were prized for their quality meat and distinctive appearance, with their white bodies and black spots. However, with the introduction of commercial pig breeds that produced more meat and had faster growth rates, the Cumberland pig slowly disappeared. It’s important to remember the legacy of this breed and the impact it had on the pork industry, and to support efforts to preserve other endangered pig breeds.


The Cumberland Pig, while now extinct, played a significant role in British farming history. Bred mainly for bacon production in the 19th century, they were known for their hardiness and ability to thrive in harsh conditions. Their distinct black and white markings made them easy to spot in a field and their friendly demeanor made them a favorite with farmers. Sadly, by the mid-20th century, the Cumberland Pig had all but disappeared due to a focus on more commercial breeds. But their legacy lives on, with efforts being made to preserve their genetics and keep their memory alive.

Special Feature

The Cumberland Pig is a unique and beloved breed of pig with a fascinating history. Originating in Cumberland, England in the 18th century, these pigs were bred to be hardy and adaptable to the rugged environment of the region. With their distinctive black and white spotted coats and friendly personalities, Cumberland Pigs quickly gained a devoted following among farmers and homesteaders who appreciated their excellent foraging skills and ability to thrive in any climate. Today, these pigs are prized for their delicious, lean meat and continue to be a popular choice for small-scale farmers and backyard enthusiasts alike. Whether you’re a seasoned pig farmer or simply curious about this charming breed, the Cumberland Pig is a fascinating and rewarding topic to explore.

Cons of owning a Cumberland Pig

Owning a Cumberland pig can be a rewarding experience, but it also comes with its fair share of challenges. One benefit is that these pigs are known for their intelligence and loyalty, providing a unique and meaningful connection with their owners. However, they can also be quite stubborn and difficult to train, making them less than ideal for novice pig owners. In terms of size, they are relatively large and require a lot of space to roam and exercise, which can be costly and challenging for those with limited outdoor areas. Overall, owning a Cumberland pig requires a certain level of expertise and dedication, but for those willing to put in the effort, the rewards can be well worth it.

Managing a Healthy and Happy Herd

As a livestock farmer, managing a healthy and happy herd of animals is vital to your success. From regular veterinary check-ups to proper nutrition and comfortable shelter, there are many factors that contribute to the wellbeing of your livestock. Not only does a healthy herd result in better productivity and profits, it also ensures the humane treatment of your animals. Additionally, happy cows, pigs, or sheep have been known to produce better quality meat, milk and wool. Investing in the health and happiness of your herd is not only a responsible decision, but it is also a smart one for the long-term viability of your farming operation.

Common Health Issues Faced

Raising a Cumberland pig may seem like a fun and rewarding experience, but it’s important to be aware of the potential health issues that these animals may face. One of the most common health problems experienced by Cumberland pigs is obesity. These animals have a tendency to overeat, so it’s important to monitor their diet and exercise levels. Additionally, Cumberland pigs are at risk for parasitic infections, such as mange and lice. It’s important to keep their living space clean and to regularly check for these pests. By staying vigilant and proactive in managing these health issues, Cumberland pig owners can help ensure that their pigs live long and healthy lives.


Are Cumberland pigs extinct?

The Cumberland pig, a type of domestic pig that originated in North America, has sadly been declared extinct by the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy (ALBC). The species is believed to have gone extinct due to crossbreeding with other types of pigs and dwindling numbers.

What types of pigs are extinct?

Unfortunately, there have been a number of pigs that have gone extinct recently due to human activities. Here are some of the more well-known species.

What is the rarest breed of pig?

The Mangalitsa is widely recognized as the rarest breed of pig known to exist today. It originates from Hungary, where it was bred as a lard pig in the mid-1800’s by a man named Istvan Szalay. This breed has a heavy and curly coat of wool, giving it its unique and recognizable appearance.


Overall, the Cumberland pig was an incredible animal that could have greatly benefited farmers had it not become extinct. Though we may never be able to bring back this breed of pig, we can remember its history and characteristics: it was known to be docile and extremely hardy; a larger variant of today’s generic pig breeds; people used them for their delicious local delicacies like ham and sausages; as well as their useful skills in tilling and clearing land. Raising a Cumberland pig also required a bit of hard-work, as you had to create an appropriate environment which included proper feeding, maintenance and management of health issues. Nevertheless, despite the work that comes with raising these animals, many said there are rewards in the end; especially when tasting homemade hams or sausages from the pigs you have raised. The story of the Cumberland Pig should serve as a reminder to us all of just how important preserving rare species is for future generations.

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