The worker bee is in charge of doing all the work, both inside and outside. They are involved in the defense of the colony. Her entire body is perfectly adapted to fulfill this purpose. Her body is also different in some parts of the queen bee despite being born of identical eggs.
Characteristics of Worker Bee:
The feeding is changed to the third round of larva by a mush of honey and pollen. Which will make it have a different morphology adapted to the work it performs. It’s adult feeding is honey which in turn carries dissolved pollen.
The worker bee has on the head the secretory glands of royal jelly. Which deposit in the cells that contain larvae up to three days old. It serves equally to feed the queen throughout her life. Caring for the feeding of her sisters is one of the first occupations of the young bee. When only a few days old, has jaws without teeth with which works and shapes the wax building honeycombs. Take out the Dead larvae and the dirt that may have been inside the hive.
It has a complete set of mouthpieces that serve to adapt to the conditions of the liquids that it has to absorb. They pass through a tube through the thorax to the abdomen. They are stored in a special tank, called buche. Which is a widening of the tube and that serves to transport them to the colony? The crop has a special valve that allows you to pass a part to your stomach for consumption.
It is convenient to emphasize that are two different things the crop and its stomach. These mouthpieces are responsible for facilitating the absorption of nectar when found in deep chalices. It is a condition to be taken into account when making queens selection.
The compound eyes that are used outdoors allow you to detect sudden movements and reach the cause with great precision. In the middle of the flight, you must locate the place where the house is located. In that case, the reference that you have is the relative position of the objects surrounding the hive.
That is memorized by it. which serves as a reference when To return. Despite everything is admitted as normal a certain drift of bees that are introduced in neighboring hives and are received without problems when all the apiary is working and there are no problems of looting.
It is curious to observe them in mid-flight when in the vicinity of the apiary they cross in all directions. We can see that there are no clashes between them. Their perception of objects that are in motion is extremely precise.
The change of place of the referents makes when returning does not find its hive and poses in the place that occupied. Again starts the flight trying to find it but gives up the search when the distance to which it has been moved barely reaches a few meters.
In these conditions, they distrust to enter the neighboring beehives that are alert to a large number of pecoreadoras who try to enter and believing that it is pillage. They produce the death to a good number. Always one must be careful when moving hives of Site. They will not be able to find the new housing situation.
When we try to defend ourselves against a bee that surrounds us with a very sharp sound of wings. A sign of attack, for the reason exposed nothing, serves us to try to frighten it by giving blows. Being precisely those movements that definitely serve as guidance. In those case, we must Protect the face by the preference they show of attacking there and away from the place towards a shade or building.
The antennas are formed by a succession of stretches and are used constantly to touch things and appreciate them. The bees touch the objects and then reactions of pleasure or dislike occur or detect a foreign object that is introduced into the nest as the spatula.
Worker bees are endowed with a very fine smell that allows them to detect not only the presence of nectar in the flowers at a considerable distance. Which would be their main mission, but also the odors coming from objects or animals that are nearby and that annoy them, motivating them to To attack the fly.
The Central part of the body:
The central part of the body, both bees, queens, and males, is called thorax. From that part are born the legs that in the workers have important functions and additionally adapted to specific purposes. So the first pair allows cleaning to all Individuals of the colony of the antennae. Of the eyes, have some incoming of the measurement of the antennas and to be endowed with some rigid hairs to drag them the pollen adhered from the work of Pecora is thus cleared as the eyes.
The legs located in the middle have spur with which it gives off pollen balls or propolis that carries with the hind legs. It has baskets formed of rigid hairs and that serve as a container to transport it. Filling them with a curious Movement of rub and that seen to realize on a flower does not seem that it is able to accumulate the small ball that later takes to the hive.
The same thing happens with the propolis that picks from the buds of the trees. The boards that we dismount, due to the adhesion of the material is limited to introduce it in the basket without compressing it too much. So that it is released with the facility.
All the legs have hooks to grab on the rough surfaces and some pads on the back that allow you to walk on the smooth, despite everything on some surfaces too polished bees have great problems when walking. It is too much Contrast between what would be the surfaces of their natural environment and modern materials. Not always in line with their possibilities of movement.
In the thorax has the wings that in a number of four can retract of two in two which allows him to carry out works inside the cells. Thorax is fixed to each other during the flight with hooks.
In the opposite part of the head is the abdomen has tracheas that serve to oxygenate the body. Bees have no lungs, being here precisely where the Ascaris causing ascariasis is located. This is located on the sides of the body and is a mode of communicated tubes provided with widening in some parts that we call aerial sacs. The communication with the outside air is made by holes called stigmas.
The bee blood is a colorless liquid. This blood circulates through the body to contractions performed by the cardiac tube. It’s located in the dorsum of the abdomen and reaching the head. The ventral side has another similar drive system.
The abdomen is the place where the wax lamellae are produced, which come out between the segments at the bottom. There are two oval surfaces called mirrors of the wax. A liquid that finally solidifies forming the wax sheets, contains Your digestive tract. The poison-producing elements, storage bladder, and the sting with fixing harpoons. These were the ones that prevent that once nailed can remove it that will cause the death to the short time.
The sting of the bee is a very well polished and sharp instrument. It allows him to nail. It easily even in protective gloves, curiously bees that previously are satiated with honey in the moments prior to our intervention or in its beginnings are more tolerant With us. The bladder of vane nose contracts with the air which makes it continue to put the poison even if the bee is gone.