The Pekin duck is the most popular duck in America. Due to its rusticity, its physical development and that it is an excellent docker (Blay, 1991). The Pekin duck originates from north-western Beijing, China, was introduced to Europe and America during the 1970s.
Characteristics of Pekin Duck:
The Pekin duck has a white creamy plumage, bright orange legs, yellow skin and white flesh. Its head is strong and robust, rounded and with prominent cheeks, its beak is short and wide, of orange-yellowish color. His neck is long and thick, hunched forward. Because its legs are placed far behind, the animal maintains an upright posture, the chest is prominent and its solid body carries the tail raised.
It initiates the position at 5 months of age, to be more precocious, this race accumulates more fat than other species; Its incubation period is 28 days with an annual production of 150 to 240 eggs.
The Pekin duck is the most used to produce meat, this is due to its rapid growth and the color of its meat, less red than that of the Muscovy.
Sexual maturity reaches 7 or 8 months. The male has a weight of 3 to 4 kilos and the female 3.6 kilos. They are intended for the production of meat and egg.
The balanced feed that can be fed to ducks is the same as that given to chickens. During the first four weeks of life of the ducklings, they are given the initiator balance.
Feeding during the first week should be done at the frequency of 4 to 5 times a day. Provide balanced ducklings can consume in half an hour. From the second week, you must offer the balance in free form. The feeders should not be empty. Ducks should be feed twice a day, at 6:00 and 16:00 hours, starting the third week, and provide the finishing balance after the fifth week of life of the ducks. Also provide crabs, small fish, snails, plants, larvae, pupae for googd health.
Facilities And Location:
A rational exploitation of ducks must have adequate facilities, which are generally composed of a shed, a corral, and a pool. The exploitation of ducks at the family level can be carried out on the field, without the need for installation. If an installation is prepared the premises in a high, dry place, with good drainage and good availability of water sources. The major axis of the construction must be east-west.
Shed: The materials to be used should be inexpensive, durable and easy to obtain in the area. The recommended space for this place is one square meter for three ducks.
Corral: This place should serve so that the ducks can spend as much time as possible in it. The perimeter of the corral can be covered with woven wire mesh or other material. It is convenient to cover the floor with sand. In addition, when planning the installation should be considered areas with shade, the rigor of our climate in the summer and the sensitivity of ducks to high temperatures of the environment. The surface of the corral can be equal to or greater than the size of the house.
Pool: It can be constructed of cement, with a depth of 20 to 30 cm. The recommended space is one square meter of the pool for every 25 ducks. Replacing water, if it were constant, would be the right thing, but a daily replenishment is considered acceptable, in order to keep it clean.
Before removing the ducklings, a corralón should be prepared inside the place where the breeding will take place, using plates, boards, bricks or other materials.
The recommended space is, in the second week: 40 ducklings per meter; In the third week: 30 ducklings per meter; And in the fourth week, 20 ducklings per meter.
Lighting: The ducklings are very scary so it is convenient to provide light all night.
Heat source: It is important to provide animals with the necessary heat (27 degrees Celsius), especially on winter days. For this purpose, 200-watt floodlights may be used.
Bed: Shavings, straws, rice husks may be used, distribute any of these materials homogeneously on the floor of the house, in a thickness of 3 to 5 centimeters. It is recommended that the bed is kept dry; The humidity can be a cause of sanitary problems in the animals.
Sanitation: Antibiotics and vitamins are advised as a preventive treatment for three consecutive days in the second and third week.
It should be noted that after the third week of life, the ducks no longer need a sanitation plan based on their rusticity and their resistance to disease.
|Duck name||Pekin Duck|
|Other Name||Long Island duck or American Pekin duck|
|Duck Purpose||Eggs & Meat|
|Special Notes||Friendly, Calm, Good as Pets|
|Weight||3.5kg to 4kg|
|Climate Tolerance||All Climates|
|Country of Origin||China|