The Marwari goat originated from the place where it comes from which is Marward. It resembles black sheep but this one has a better production of wool. In the year 1970, a census was carried out. There was a total of 4.300.000 individuals of this species. By the end of this decade, they already had 5.000.000.
It can be achieved in several areas of India among them is Jodhpur, Jalore, Pali, Barmer, Jaisalmer, Bikaner and Nagaur.
Characteristics of Marwari Goat:
The Marwari goat produces individual births during the year, only 10% of births include multiple births, this percentage increases when the goats are well fed, with daily supplements and grazing conditions.
The ears are small and flat, they can measure between 16 and 17 cm, and they have a certain fall.
They have a thick hair that makes them able to withstand the extreme climates of heat in the desert, and by that same physical condition can also withstand very cold climates. The male of this species has a thick beard, just as the female of this species also has a beard. The coat of this species is bright and its tail is short and thin.
In the same way, this breed is very resistant to diseases and comes to resist very strong nutritional circumstances.
Both the male and the female of this species have short horns, which go upwards and backward. Those of the male are larger and more resistant than those of the female.
Their average weight varies in males ranging from 39 to 42 kg. The females weight up to 32 kg. Reach a measure of 76 cm. for the male and 68 cm. for the female.
Most are born with black fur, although in 5% of cases there are spots of white or brown color on the coat.
The Marwari goat is kept eating herbs and grass. So that the milk production is fruitful to the day the goats have to be fed with nutrients, nevertheless, for being a resistant race, being in minimum conditions of equal feeding can produce milk.
The Marwari goat is used as a dual purpose, as milk production, and for its meat. They produce between 2 and 3 kg of milk per day when they are well fed and 0.5 to 1 kg of milk daily when fed under grazing conditions. They produce milk for 106 to 200 days in the year, and the total production reaches 98 kg.
Besides that its hair is used for the elaboration of different materials, the wool that is taken of this species although it is thick is considered of good quality.
The Marwari goat is resistant to warm climates, so much so that they can withstand the harsh conditions of the Thar desert.
In India, there are around 7,500,000 individuals of this species according to a census carried out in 2007.
This breed produces a coarse wool too rough for garments but suitable for carpets, bags, and harnesses that are placed on camels. And they get to produce 3 kg of wool a year.
They cross the jamnapari species to increase the gene for milk production.
|Goat name||Marwari Goat|
|Goat Purpose||Producer of milk, meat, and elaboration of fabric with its wool.|
|Coat color||Black, sometimes have white or brown spots|
|Weight||32 to 42 Kg|
|Climate Tolerance||All climates|
|Country of Origin||India|