Jersey giant chicken is an American breed from the state of New Jersey, hence its name. It was originally called Giant Black Jersey. The variety of black coat was created in 1880 for the production of meat.
Among the races that have competed in their training, we remember Java, Brahama, Cocincina, Plymouth Rock and Langhan.
The “giant jerseys” were bred from the Orpingtons, Javas, and Langshans crossings.
Becoming the largest chicken developed in America. They are resistant birds and have a slow growth at first, but in their adult age, they are enormous.
Jersey giant chicken is a large bird that was developed in the 1870s in New Jersey to meet the demand of large birds.
The white color came many years later during the year 1947. In addition, this race also exists in blue color. In Europe, the race fell into disgrace to such an extent that it almost became extinct.
However, in the mid-1980s a breeder in the United Kingdom owned the last surviving trio and decided to save them. It obtained some copies but suffering the negative effects.
So he was very fortunate to know that a Dutch breeder had a few, the last Jersey giant chicken in the Netherlands. Both were able to share values and reintroduce the race for both countries.
In a few years, the Jersey giant chicken was the regular winners in breeds of poultry. You may also like to read Buckeye chicken
Characteristics of Jersey giant chicken:
Jersey giant chicken there are two varieties of color in this species, the black, and white that was created a few years later.
The peak of this breed is short, black in the black and yellow variety in white, medium length, strong, slightly curved. Quota developed on average.
Roosters, when they are adults, have a weight that varies between 4.5 and 5.5 kg.
While the hen weighs between 3.6 and 4.5 kg. The breed produces an exceptionally large, horizontal, wide and medium-sized chicken.
It is mainly a meat chicken, which should be well expressed in size as in the fullness, depth, and width of the body. The skin is white in the black and white variety in the white variety.
The eggs have a reddish shell. For its part the trunk is wide, long, rectangular; deep; carried horizontally.
Usually, this species owns the head is large enough and wide. The eyes are big; not prominent, and the iris is dark brown and the ears are medium and thin and reddish.
In addition, the ridge is simple, large enough, straight and vertical; 4 to 6 teeth; Lobe following neckline without touching it.
The face has a soft and fine texture and justifies reddish color. The neck is of medium length; slightly arched.
While the shoulders are wide and round. The back is long enough and wide, abdominal and broad enough. The ridge is large and full, it returns to the tail after a short round curve.
They have wings, which are medium in size; wide enough, tight to the body and carried horizontally.
They also have a large enough tail; full, medium-high; the large and small sickles completely cover the large hooves, without abruptly exceeding them in length.
In hens only medium-high. The chest is wide; deep and full; sternum. They have powerful legs; of average length. The plumage is adhesive; visibly separated from the abdominal plumage. You may also like to read Hamburg Chicken
Also, the length of the plumage is medium; powerful; Color according to variety. Long and wide fingers.
They have a wide and full belly, with a lot of jackets. In the hen, it is very developed. While the hen is similar to the cock taking into account the differences that the tail is more closed, somewhat lower and the abdomen more developed.
Jersey giant chicken gets its food in open space. And this is because he eats insects and plants. However, farmers can introduce to their diet special food for chickens to develop well.
Jersey giant chicken is a large breed, uses primarily for meat production. Although their growth is slow, and the farmers must invest more in this race, they take advantage of it because when they reach their maturity they get to have good weight.
Jersey giant chicken is a bird that can not fly because of its weight. Because of this, you do not need places for your shelter that are very high.
This breed can not consider it as a good pet. Females of this species are overprotective. Also, the chicks develop completely and enter into adulthood from 6 months of age.
In addition, the females get to put 160 eggs in the year. This breed does not have a good performance of meat, is disappointing until they spend 6 months or more.
Lack of Form; short or triangular shape; reduced size; very sloping backward or towards the tail; too high, too low or too narrow; very white in the ears; The color of the foot is not yellow.
As a reference: Wikipedia