There are too many classifications of poultry. Chickens came across Europe by the great migrations of the Indo-European peoples around four thousand years ago. Currently, there is evidence that the Egyptians were the first to devote themselves to poultry farming, later moving to the Greco-Latin world. Recent studies have recently revealed latent genes in the domestic rooster for the production of teeth in the jaws.
These studies are evidence that birds, in general, descend from theropod dinosaurs. Also for the same reason, it was discovered that some chickens before birth have a longer tail, which then shortens shortly after birth.
Top 5 Classifications of Poultry
- Commercial varieties producing of eggs
- Commercial varieties producing of meat
- Egg and meat producers (Double Purpose)
- Creole or local
They are the result of genetic selection and their exploitation is in industrial establishments. These birds require strict sanitary control and balanced foods so that they have an adequate yield and do not get sick. They are also not suitable for producing chicks, given that they are rare and that they are not good mothers.
To this group belongs the Leghorn and other hybrid races such as the Lohmann, Hy Line, De Kalb, Shaver. They are small birds but nevertheless produce large eggs and have a high feed-posture conversion.
They are commercial breeds specialized in the production of chickens for consumption. They require the same care and food requirements as egg-producing birds. This type of bird is very prone to diseases and very demanding in terms of environmental conditions.
The appropriate temperature must be taken into account (according to age). The humidity of the house is between 40-60%, good ventilation, enough space for the birds to move. There should be a regular removal of the beds, thorough cleaning and disinfection of the floors and night lighting. The best known are Hubbard, Arbor Acres.
Dual Purpose Production
They produce both eggs and meat abundantly. The position averages 200 eggs a year and the chickens give good meat although the growth is not as fast as the specialized breeds. They are quiet birds, adapt well to different climates and have a greater resistance to diseases compared to previous groups. The most used is the Rhode Island race. But New Hamshire, Sussex, Plymouth Rock, Orpington, and Wyandotte also give good results.
Creole or Field Type
These birds come from a long process of natural selection and have developed a great resistance to unfavorable environmental conditions. They can develop well within a very wide range of temperature and humidity. They eat waste from the garden and the home as well as insects that they find directly on the ground. Also, they are suitable for domestic breeding, but their production of meat and eggs is modest. You may also like to read Shamo Chicken.
They are the result of crossing Creole breeds with purebred birds, obtaining animals that combine the best of the different breeds. According to the technique of the Center for Education and Technology of Chile the first year a purebred rooster (usually of double purpose) is crossed with Creole females.
One rooster is required for every 10 hens. In the second year the rooster is changed to another of the same pure breed to mate with the hens obtained the previous year (already improved). During the next three years, the birds will continue to reproduce without changing roosters. You may also like to read Egg Bound Chicken.
Is it profitable to raise chickens?
One of the questions that sooner or later someone raises is about raising chickens is about their profitability. In a study that was conducted, especially since the rise in cereal prices, most share that the gain is in health. As well as in the flavor or in the entertainment that its breeding provides, because in terms of pure and hard numbers. Starting from the fact that the average consumption of a hen is 120 grams of feed per day. You may also like to read Andalusian Chicken.
This figure can be reduced or increased depending on whether they have access to other green foods, as well as different herbs or cabbages. It is recognized that the calculation is too simple, that the chickens besides feed consume water, electricity, medicines and time. And that every few years we have to replenish the layering staff since there are chickens that are taken to produce meat.
It is also true that they are hens raise on the ground and with access to grass, which produces quality eggs. And that by producing a part of what they eat, some corn, the costs of the feed are greatly reduced. And, finally, and very importantly, the manure they produce is a fundamental source of fertility. So only people who raise chickens and know how to take advantage of all their benefits will be totally profitable.
If you are a business owner in the food industry, or if you’re just an interested consumer wondering about how poultry got its start – this article has something for everyone. We’ve discussed everything from where they came from to what their genetic makeup is like and more. Hopefully, by now, you have learned enough information that will allow for some insightful conversations with your friends and family members!
As a reference: Wikipedia