Sheep Breeds: Working with Animals

Sheep breeds are differentiated from others. Sheep are very small and adaptable ruminant mammals. Its nutritional requirements are minimal and easily filled in low-tech pastures. Most farms and farms are in small quantities and due to their efficiency in food conversion and the excellent quality of their products are increasingly used for purely productive purposes.

The ewes mainly supply meat, milk, and wool, but also supply man with other products such as manure, skin, and hair. Their development requires a small investment and is very manageable for their quiet temperament.

Sheep Breeds

List of Sheep Breeds

NameAlternative nameOriginPurpose
AcıpayamTurkeyMeat, wool
AdalEthiopiaMeat
Afghan ArabiAfghanistanMeat
AfricanaCamura, Colombian Wooless, Pelona, Red African, Rojo Africana, West AfricanColombiaMeat, woolly items
AfrikanerCape fattest tailSouth AfricaMeat, pelts honed
AfrinoSouth AfricaMeat, wool, crossbreeding
AlaiKyrgyzstanMeat, wool
AlcarreñaSpainMeat
Algarve ChurroPortugalMeat
Algerian sheepOuled Jellal, Western Thin-tailedAlgeriaMeat
Alpines SteinschafGermanyMeat, wool, vegetation management
AltayChinaMeat
American BlackbellyUnited StatesTrophy hunting
AnconOtter sheepUnited States
AppenninicaAppenninica, Bariscianese, Chietina Varzese, Perugina del pianoItalyMeat
ArabiIran, IraqMeat
ArapawaNew ZealandWool
Arkhar-MerinoKazakhstanWool
Armenian SemicoarsewoolArmyanskaya PolugrubosherstnayaArmeniaMeat, milk
AskanianAskaniyskyUkraineWool
AssafIsraelMeat, milk
AussiedownAustraliaMeat
Australian WhiteAustraliaMeat
AwassiIvesi, Baladi, Deiri, Syrian, Ausi, Nuami, GeziriehSouth Eastern Anatolia, Syro-Arabian desertMilk
Braunes BergschafBrown Mountain sheepGermanyMeat, vegetation management
Brazilian SomaliBerbera BlackheadSomaliaMeat
BrianzolaItalyMeat
British Milk sheepUnited KingdomMilk
Border LeicesterUnited Kingdommeat, wool
Bündner OberlandGraubünden, GrisonsSwitzerlandVegetation management
California RedUnited StatesMeat, wool
California Variegated MutantCVM, Romeldale/CVMUnited StatesWool
Cameroon sheepWest AfricaMeat
Campanian BarbaryItalyMeat, milk
Canadian ArcottCanadaMeat
CărăbaşăBlack-headed Teleorman TigaieRomania
Castlemilk MooritCastlemilk Shetland, Moorit ShetlandScotlandHobby
CharmoiseFranceMeat
CharollaisFranceMeat
CheviotScotlandMeat, wool
Border CheviotSouth Country CheviotUnited KingdomMeat
Brecknock Hill CheviotBrecon Cheviot, Sennybridge CheviotWalesMeat
North Country CheviotScotlandMeat
ChiosIsland of ChiosMilk
CholistaniPakistanMeat
ChurraSpanish ChurroSpainMeat, milk
CigajaCroatiaWool, milk
CiktaHungaryMeat
Çine ÇaparıTurkey
Clun ForestEnglandMeat, milk, wool
Coburger FuchsschafCoburg Fox SheepGermanyVegetation management
ColumbiaUnited StatesWool
ComebackAustraliaMeat, wool
ComisanaLentinese, Red Head, Testa rossa, Faccia rossaItalyMilk
CoolaleeAustraliaMeat
CoopworthNew ZealandMeat, wool
CormoAustralia and New ZealandWool
CorriedaleNew ZealandMeat, wool
CotswoldUnited KingdomMeat, wool
CriolloCreole, Chilludo, Colombian, Lucero, Pampa, Tarhumara, Uruguayan, VenezuelanCentral AmericaMeat
Dala Fur sheepDala pälsfårSweden
DalesbredUnited KingdomMeat, wool
DagliçTurkeyMeat, milk
DamaniPakistanMeat, wool
DamaraNamibiaMeat
Danish LandraceLandfår, KlitfårDenmarkWool
DebouilletUnited StatesWool
Derbyshire GritstoneUnited KingdomMeat
Deutsches BergschafWeißes Bergschaf, White Mountain, Deutsches Weisses BergschafGermanyMeat, wool
Devon ClosewoolUnited KingdomMeat
Devon LongwoolledDevon LongwoolUnited KingdomMeat, wool
Dohne MerinoDohne, El Dohne MerinoSouth AfricaMeat, wool
DorperSouth AfricaMeat
DorsetDorset Horn, Dorset HornedUnited KingdomMeat
Dorset DownUnited KingdomMeat
Drenth Heath SheepDrents HeideschaapNetherlandsVegetation management
DrysdaleNew ZealandWool
Duben sheepBulgariawool
EasycareUnited KingdomMeat
East FriesianOstfriesisches MilchschafGermanyMilk
EdilbayEdilbaevskaya, EdilbaevKazakhstanMeat, tail fat
ElliottdaleTasmaniaMeat, Wool
English LeicesterBakewell Leicester, Dishley Leicester, Improved Leicester, Leicester, Leicester Longwool, New LeicesterEnglandMeat
Estonian RuhnuRuhnu maalammasEstoniaMeat, wool
Elinpelin sheepBulgariawool
Exmoor HornExmoorMeat
ForystuféLeadersheep, ForystukindIcelandGenetic conservation, herd management
FabrianeseItalyMeat, milk
FaroesFaroe IslandsMeat, wool
Fat-tailed sheep (group of breeds)Africa, Middle East, Near East, Pakistan, Northern India, Western China, MongoliaMeat
FinnsheepSuomenlammas, Finnish LandraceFinlandMeat, Wool, Milk, Landscape Management
Flanders Milk sheepBelgium
French Alpine sheepFrance
Friesian Milk sheepNetherlands
FuglestadNorway
GaddiKangra Valley, BhadarwahIndiaWool
GalicianOvella galegaSpainMeat, milk
GalwayIrelandMeat
Ganjia
Gansu Alpine Fine-woolNorthwestern Chinese Merino, North-West China MerinoChinaWool
Gentile di PugliaMerinos d’ItaliaItalyWool
Geschecktes Bergschaf
German Whiteheaded MuttonWeißkopf, Weißköpfiges FleischschafGermanyMeat, wool
GhezelRed karaman, GezelNorth West of Iran, AzerbaijanMeat, wool
GotlandGotland Pälsfår, Gotland peltSwedenMeat, wool
GökçeadaTurkey
Greenlandic sheepkalaallit savaataat, savaGreenlandMeat, wool
Greyface DartmoorUnited KingdomMeat
Grey TroenderGrå trøndersauNorwayWool
GromarkAustraliaMeat, wool
Groningen Milk sheep
Gulf Coast NativeLouisiana Scrub, Pineywoods NativeGulf Coast, United States
GuirraMediterranean coast of SpainMeat
GuteGutefårSwedenGenetic conservation
HampshireHampshire DownUnited KingdomMeat
Han
Langzhou Large-tail Han
Small-tail HanChinaMeat
HanzhongChina
Harnai
Hasht Nagri
Hazaragie
HebrideanSt. Kilda sheepScotlandVegetation management
HeidschnuckeFamily of sheep including
the three breeds below
GermanyMeat, wool, vegetation management
Graue gehörnte HeidschnuckeGrey Horned HeathGermanyMeat, wool, vegetation management
MoorschnuckeWhite Polled HeathGermanyMeat, wool, vegetation management
Weiße gehörnte HeidschnuckeWhite Horned HeathGermanyMeat, wool, vegetation management
HerdwickEnglandMeat
HerikTurkey
Hill RadnorWalesMeat
Hog IslandUnited StatesWool
Hu
Icelandic sheepíslenska sauðkindinIcelandMeat, milk, wool
Inner Mongolian woolChina
Île-de-FranceDishley MerinoFranceMeat
Istrian milkIstrian PramenkaCroatia, SloveniaMeat, milk
JacobUnited KingdomMeat, wool, hide, pet
Jezersko–Solčava sheepBrillenschaf, Carinthian sheep, Seelaenderschaf, Spectacles SheepSloveniaMeat
Juraschaf
Karacabey MerinoTurkey
KachhiPakistan
KajliPakistanMeat, milk, wool
KamakuyrukTurkey
KarakulCentral AsiaMeat, milk, wool, hide
KarayakaTurkeyMeat, milk, wool
Kärntner BrillenschafSpectacled Alpine SheepAustriaMeat, wool, hide
KatahdinUnited StatesMeat
Kempen HeathNetherlands
Kerry HillWalesMeat
Kihnu NativeKihnu maalammasEstoniaWool
KivircikTurkey
KookaPakistanMilk
Kashmir MerinoKashmirWool
KaragounikoGreece
LacauneFranceMilk
Landais
Langhe
Lati
LatxaLachaSpainMilk
LeineschafGermanyMeat, wool
Lika sheepLika pramenkaCroatiaMeat, wool, milk
LincolnLincoln LongwoolEnglandWool
Lithuanian Black-headedLietuvos vietines siurksciavilnêsLithuaniaMeat, wool
LlanwenogWalesMeat
LleynDafad LlŷnWalesMeat
LohiPakistanWool
LonkImproved HaslingdenEnglandMeat, wool
Luzein sheep
MalteseMalta
ManchegaSpainMeat, milk
Manech
MarwariIndiaMeat, wool
Manx LoaghtanLoaghtyn, LoghtanIsle of ManWool
MasaiKenya
MashamEnglandMeat, wool
Massese sheepItalyMilk
MeatmasterSouth AfricaMeat
MehrabanIranMeat
Merinizzata ItalianaItalyMeat, wool
MerinoSpain, TurkeyMeat, wool
Argentine MerinoArgentinaMeat, wool
Arles MerinoFranceMeat, wool
Booroola MerinoAustraliaWool, research
Delaine MerinoUnited StatesWool
East Merino sheepFranceMeat, wool
Karacabey MerinoTurkey
Medium-wool Merino
Merinofleischschaf
MerinolandschafGermanyMeat, wool
Merino Longwool
Poll MerinoAustraliaMeat, wool
South African MerinoSouth AfricaMeat, wool
South African Meat MerinoSAMMSouth AfricaMeat, wool
Strong Wool Merino
Transylvanian MerinoRomania
Ming Black
Moghani
MontadaleUnited StatesMeat, wool
Morada NovaBrazilian WoollessBrazilMeat
Moles
NajdiNejdiSaudi ArabiaMeat, milk, wool
Namaqua AfrikanerSouth AfricaMeat, pelts
NaliWestern IndiaIndiaWool
Navajo-Churro sheepUnited StatesWool
NewfoundlandNewfoundland LocalCanada
Nellorepalia, jodipi, doraIndiaMeat
NilgiriIndia
Noire du VelayFranceMeat
Nolana sheep
Norfolk HornBlackface Norfolk Horned, Norfolk Horned, Old Norfolk, Old Norfolk HornedUnited KingdomMeat
North RonaldsayOrkneyScotlandWool
Northern European short-tailed sheep (group of breeds)Baltic states, British Isles, Scandinavia, Germany, RussiaMeat, milk, wool
Norwegian Fur
Olde English ‘Babydoll’ SouthdownBabydoll SouthdownUnited StatesHobby
OrkhonMongoliaWool
Ossimi
OuessantUshant, Breton Island DwarfFranceWool, hobby
Oula
OxfordOxford DownUnited KingdomMeat
Pag IslandPaška ovcaCroatiaMeat, milk
Pagliarola
PanamaUnited StatesMeat
Pedi sheepBapediSouth AfricaMeat
PelibüeyCubano RojoCaribbean, Mexico, South AmericaMeat
PerendaleNew ZealandMeat
PinziritaSicilyMilk
Pitt IslandChatham Islands, New ZealandWool
PolwarthAustraliaMeat, wool
PolypayUnited StatesMeat, wool
PortlandEnglandMeat
PramenkaLička, Istarska, Kupreška or Dubska pramenkaCroatia, Bosnia and HerzegovinaMeat, milk, wool
PrianganGarutIndonesiaMeat, ram fighting
Polish HeathPoland
Poll DorsetAustraliaMeat
Polled DorsetUnited StatesMeat
Pomeranian Coarsewool SheepPomeranian Sheep, Rauhwolliges Pommersches LandschafGermanyMeat, vegetation management
QashqaiChina
QiaokeChina
Qinghai Black TibetanChina
Qinghai SemifinewoolChina
QuadrellaChina
Quanglin Large-TailChina
Rabo Largo
RackaOvce cápová, CápoviceHungaryMeat, milk, wool
Rahmany sheepEl-rahmaniEgyptMeat, milk, wool
RambouilletRambouillet Merino, French MerinoFranceMeat, wool
Rasa AragonesaAragónMeat
Red EngadineEngadineSwitzerland
Red KaramanTurkey
Red MaasaiEast AfricaMeat
Rhoen sheep
Rideau ArcottCanada
RomanovRussiaMeat
Romney sheepRomney MarshUnited KingdomMeat, wool
RoslagRoslagsfårSwedenMeat, wool
Rouge de l’OuestTête rouge du MaineFranceMeat
Rouge du RoussillonRoussillion RedFranceMeat, wool
Rough FellUnited KingdomMeat
Rosa MitchellWalliser Landschaf, Roux du PaysSwitzerlandMeat, wool
Royal WhiteUnited StatesMeat
RudaAlbania, CroatiaWool
RyaRyafår, Swedish Carpet Wool SheepSwedenWool
RyelandUnited KingdomMeat
Rygja
Sahel-type
SakizÇesmeTurkeyWool
SarjaTurkmenistanWool, meat
Santa CruzSanta Cruz Island, United StatesWool
Santa InêsBrazilMeat
SardinianBrabei Sarda, Pecora SardaItalyMilk
Sardi (Moroccan sheep)MoroccoMeat, milk, wool
Schoonebeker
Schwarzköpfiges Fleischschaf
Schwarzes Bergschaf
Scottish BlackfaceBlackfaced Highland, Kerry, Linton, Scotch Blackface, Scotch Horn, Scottish Highland, Scottish MountainScotlandMeat
Scottish DunfaceScottish Tanface, Old Scottish Short-woolScotland (extinct)Meat, wool
SerraiSerraika, SerronGreece, SerresMeat, milk, wool
ShetlandShetland IslandsMeat, wool
ShropshireUnited KingdomMeat
Sicilian BarbarySicily
SkuddeskuddenEstonia, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, SwitzerlandMeat, vegetation management, felting
SoayScotlandMeat
SomaliBerbera BlackheadSomaliaMeat
SopravissanaItalyMilk
South DevonUnited Kingdom
South DorsetUnited Kingdom
South HampshireUnited Kingdom
SouthdownUnited KingdomMeat
South Wales MountainWales
SpælsauOld Norwegian Short Tail LandraceNorwayMeat
Spiegel
St. CroixVirgin Island whiteVirgin IslandsMeat
Steigar
Steinschaf
SuffolkUnited KingdomMeat
SumavskaCzech RepublicMeat, milk, wool
SwaledaleUnited KingdomMeat, wool
Swedish FurSweden
Swifter
Schweizer Schwarzbraunes Bergschaf
Schweizer Alpenschaf
SåneDenmarkMeat, pelt
TaleshiIranMeat
Tan [zh]ChinaHides, meat
TargheeUnited StatesWool
Tautra
TeeswaterUnited KingdomMeat
TEFRomNew ZealandMeat, wool
TexelNetherlandsMeat
Thalli
ŢigaieRomaniaMeat, milk, wool
Tiroler SteinschafPecora della Roccia TiroleseAustriaMeat, wool
Touabire
ŢsurcanăRomaniaMeat, milk, wool
TukidaleTuki Tuki in New Zealand, then AustraliaMeat, specialty carpet wool
TunisTunisian BarbaryTunisiaMeat
TujTurkey
TürkgeldiTurkey
UdaChad, Niger, northern Cameroon, northern NigeriaMeat
Valachian sheepNative Wallachian sheepCzech RepublicMeat, milk, wool
Valachian Improved sheepCzech RepublicMeat, milk, wool
Valais BlacknoseWallis Blacknose, Walliser Schwarznasenschaf, Blacknosed Swiss, Visp, VisperschafSwitzerlandMeat, wool
Van RooyVan Rooy White PersianSouth AfricaMeat
VendéenFranceMeat
Waldschaf
WaziriPakistanMeat, wool
Weißes Bergschaf
Welsh Hill Speckled FaceWales
Welsh Mountain sheepDefaid Mynydd CymreigWalesMeat
Badger Face Welsh MountainDefaid Idloes, Badger Faced Welsh Mountain, Welsh Badger-facedWalesMeat
Balwen Welsh Mountain sheepWalesMeat
Black Welsh Mountain sheepDefaid Mynydd DuonWalesMeat
South Wales MountainWales
WensleydaleEnglandMeat
West African DwarfDjallonke, Fouta Djallon sheepWest Africa and Central AfricaMeat
White Horned Heath
White Karaman
White SuffolkAustraliaMeat
Whiteface DartmoorUnited KingdomMeat
Whitefaced WoodlandPenistone sheepEnglandMeat
White Maritza sheepBulgaria
WiltipollAustraliaMeat
Wiltshire HornUnited KingdomMeat
XaldaSpainMeat
Xaxi ArdiaSpain
Xinjiang FinewoolChinaMeat, wool
YankasaNigeriaMeat
Yellow sheepYorkshire
Yemen WhiteYemen
Yiecheng
Yoroo
Yunnan SemifinewoolChina
Zackel
Zaghawa
Zaian
Zaïre Long-Legged
Zakynthos
Zeeland Milk
Zel
ZelaznaZeleznienskaPolandMeat
Zemmour
Zeta Yellow
Zlatusha
Zoulay
ZwartblesNetherlandsMeat, milk, cheese
Zulu sheepNguniSouth AfricaMeat

 

Taxonomic Classification of the Sheep

Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Mammalia
Order:Artiodactyla
Family:Bovidae
Subfamily:Caprinae
Genus:Ovis
Species:O. aries

Worldwide there are 450 breeds of sheep. Some are not specialized in the production of meat, wool or milk, being more used for a double purpose.

In order to differentiate the sheep breeds it is important to observe:

Sheep Breeds of double purpose

1.Corriedale

This race was created by the New Zealanders when crossing Merino x Lincoln. New Zealand is very similar to the region between Concepción and Aysén (Chile). They have adapted to this zone without problems.

2. Romney Marsh

Of English origin, it is raised in flat areas and with high humidity. In Chile, it has adapted to the region between Temuco and Chiloé; Supplying, by its thick wool, to the chilota craftsmanship and to the great industry of mattresses and fillings in general.

3. Meat-producing breeds

The production of meat and wool in these breeds is of intermediate values, having for example productions of 4 to 6 kg of wool and of an intermediate fineness (28 to 30 microns) between the races of wool and of meat.

Meat-producing breeds are characterized by their higher growth rate becoming larger animals at the same age, their meat is leaner, has a higher yield to the benefit, and a better feed conversion efficiency. They have a low production of wool (2.5 to 4 kg) and of little fineness (32 to 35 microns).

4. Suffolk

Suffolk breed is a race of English origin, used to take advantage of the prairies of the hills. It is an agile animal and walker. It has been used to improve native breeds.

5. Hampshire Down

It is a race formed in England, adapted for flat terrain. It is an animal precocious and a very good producer of meat.

6. Finnish Landrace Or Finnsheep

It is of Finnish origin. It is a breed of high prolificacy, with a potential of 200% calving rate (two animals per sheep in each calving) and very early, these characteristics make this breed can quickly replace other breeds within the herd.

7. Texel

Dutch breed developed from the cross of several Creole breeds in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Within the breeds for meat is the one that presents the best skills, obtaining lambs with high growth rate and very lean reaching the optimum weight of work at 40 kilos, 10 kilos more than lamb Corriedale.

8. Border Leicester

Breed native to the city of Leicestershire, England. She is responsible for the breeding and development of the long wool breeds. Fast-growing and therefore the fast presence of lambs in the market.

9. Wool Races

Wool breeds are characterized by a high production of wool (5 to 8 kg) and good quality and fineness (23 to 25 microns). Among them we find:

10. Australian Merino

Australian merino breeds come from the cross of Merino Precoz French x Merino Spanish. It was selected for the production of fine, long and high-density wool. It is a breed well adapted to hot, dry and arid areas.

11. Merino Precoz

Chilean race was obtained from the cross of Merino Early German x Merino Early French.

Production Breeds

Sheep breeds specializing in milk production have been formed mainly in Europe and Israel. These sheep have a more developed udder being their production by lactation much superior to the other races.

The best-known breeds and their origins are:

  • Spain: Latxa, Manchega and Churra
  • France: Laucane, Basque-Bemaise
  • Germany: East Friesian Milchschaft
  • Italy: Sardinia
  • Israel: Awassi, Assaf

Race Latxa Sheep

Race Latxa Sheep is the oldest sheep breed in Spain. It has two varieties:

  • The dark head (Latxa Cara Negra).
  • The blonde head (Latxa Cara Blonde).

It has recently been introduced in Chile, specifically in the RM, VI, VII, VIII, X, XII regions. The mammary gland or udder is globose, well developed, of thin skin and without wool.

Average weight

Black Face:

  • Females 45-50 kg
  • Males 55-75 kg

Blonde Face:

  • Females 35-50 kg
  • Males 50-70 kg

Assaf Race Sheep

It is a breed created in Israel composed by the cross of the Awassi sheep and the East Friesian sheep. It has a high production of milk, good prolificacy and very suitable for the conditions of the Mediterranean environment.

In addition to being a good dairy sheep, the Assaf breed is known as an excellent breed of meat, because it has a lamb with well-distributed fat, which makes its meatless fat. They are large animals (females = 70kg, and males = 120kg) and have an accumulation of fat at the base of the tail.

Awesome Rare Sheep

It is a nomadic sheep, selected for its high milk production, calm, easy to handle and milking and adaptable to grazing or confinement. Only males have horns.

East Friesian Easter Race

Breed native to northern Germany. It is considered the best producer of milk, but in areas without high temperatures. The tail is thin and woolless, similar to a mouse tail. Races of which skin is produced.

Oveja Raza Karakul

It is native to the Russian province of Turkestan, from poor areas where they only have good food for two months a year, which is why they have a thick tail where they store fat reserves for the restrictive times. Astrakhan, skin used for the manufacture of fine coats, is obtained from lambs sacrificed at the week of age.

Conclusion

If you’ve ever wondered what it takes to keep a sheep as livestock, we hope this guide has helped. We have provided information on their evolutionary history and anatomy, which should help give you the knowledge needed for most tasks related to raising them. Whether you are looking to buy or sell your own flock of sheep, want some tips about how best to care for them, or just need more general information about these quadrupedal ruminant mammals in order to better understand why they are so popular with many cultures around the world today—you can find all that here! Good luck caring for your new friends!

As A Reference: Wikipedia

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.

Scroll to Top