The Mulefoot Pig was extended in the central region of the USA. in the first half of this century.
This breed also had a reputation for being resistant to a series of prevalent swine diseases at the time. In the 1960s vaccines and treatments were available for most diseases of pigs and the number of Mulefoot pigs declined.
In the mid-1980s, there was hardly a herd in Missouri, United States. And it was a farmer who maintained the breed because he believed it had a unique characteristic of rusticity, and because of its own family tradition.
Today, as new resistant strains of once controllable diseases begin to emerge, there is a renewed interest in Mulefoot’s pigs to reevaluate demands for disease resistance.
There is also attention in investigative the structure of the breed’s feet to get if it can avoid lameness in commercial pigs reared on concrete floors or slats.
However, if it had not been for this farmer’s determination to keep this race going, these new research opportunities would not be available.
This breed at the beginning of its production reached 200 herds, but with the passing of the years, that number was falling drastically. You may also read Kunekune pig
And only came to be in only 1 herd on a farm. The name of this breed is directly related to one of its special characteristics, and that is that it has hooves like a mule.
The Mulefoot pig has a coat that is mostly black occasionally have white spots. Also, the fur of this breed is soft. The Mulefoot pigs are found within breeds with large size.
This breed gained weight quite easily and weighed 180 to 280 kilos at two years of age.
In general, females of this breed weigh around 200 Kg. While the males of this breed arrive in spite of the 250 Kg. Onwards.
The back of this animal is straight, and the legs are slender and strong. In addition, the face is tilted a little downwards, and the level varies slightly compared to the back.
This breed has a small tail. And the ears of this breed are straight and directed towards the front, although they are of medium size. You may also like to read
The sows are known as good mothers, having litters that average 5 to 6 piglets. The mating of this breed is best carried out in the early morning before feeding. In general, the male of this breed is more active at dawn, especially during hot weather.
The Mulefoot pigs are a breed that develops best when they are raised in the pasture, unlike those that are confined in feeding lots.
In addition, this race has retained the ability to search for food. Although breeders tend to feed this breed with corn and other vegetables. Since it helps you in your nutrition.
In addition, the growth factor is linked to the diet of this breed. You may also read Lacombe pig
The Mulefoot pig is a breed used primarily for the production of its meat. This breed is considered the “ham pigs” of the highest quality and was fed at heavyweights before slaughter.
In addition, this breed is also used for butter production. Additionally, this breed has also been bred to cross with other species, in order to inherit their descendants’ resistance.
For some years the breeders claimed that the Mulefoots were immune to porcine cholera.
That they have demonstrated the contrary, although the race seems to possess remarkable resistance.
The most distinctive feature of the Mulefoot pig is the solid hoof that resembles that of a mule. This breed is unique to the United States and is very rare.
It is a resistant race that can adapt to the environment that surrounds them, as well as being exposed to high temperatures of heat.
Although nowadays this breed is considered in a critical state reaching producing only 200 individuals in a year.
However, this situation that affects the race is about to be correct since measures are being taken for production, as well as its conservation.
The population of the Mulefoot is limited, this breed is being raised throughout all the states in an attempt to restore it.
Farmers who have given the task of raising this breed with certain care, not to depend on the resistance of the animal.
But rather keep it as a breed of fattening and meat production. However, today this breed is among the races with more resistance that are raised in the United States since the races of today are very delicate.
As a reference: Wikipedia