The Mora romagnola pig is a breed that is Italian. This breed comes from the northeast region of the country, called Emilia-Romagna, and from there comes the name of this breed.
In addition, this race has several names with which it is recognized. Although this breed originated in the northeastern region of Italy, there are some surrounding regions where you can find this breed.
Since the race is spreading, covering several areas. And this race is recognized by the Ministry of Agriculture as one of the 6 races that are indigenous to the region.
At the beginning of the 20th century, variations of this breed could be observed, which maintained similar characteristics with the race romagnola pig mora.
But after a while, those races crossed with the Yorkshire breed. The descendants of this race maintained some characteristics of the Italian race, among them the quality of the meat.
The difference was that these descendants developed faster than their predecessors.
Decades later they admitted that these crosses would lead to the original race going to extinction. That’s why they established parameters of the race mora romagnola pig.
The mora romagnola pig is a breed is a large breed. The male of this species can weigh up to 220 Kg. While the female of this breed becomes a little smaller than the male, weighing up to 160 Kg.
This breed has an average height of 80 centimeters. In general, your back does not show curvatures, when you look at one side you can see that it has a straight figure.
The ears of this species are long, so much that they cover the snout, and are direct to the sides. This characteristic is with which it can be differentiated from the crosses that have been made.
Since the crosses keep their ears straight and up. The coat of this race is dark, which can be achieved from dark brown to black, is short, and with some brightness.
In addition, the males of this breed are easily recognized because they have very long tusks, a characteristic that makes them look similar to boars.
It is a breed resistant to changes in climate, being able to survive in low temperatures, it is also resistant to diseases. In addition, it can be adapted to any type of environment, being able to survive in difficult areas.
However, the fertility rate of this breed is very low, compared to other breeds. Producing between 5 and 6 pups per herd, although the survival rate is low since females of this breed can produce little milk. And also that the age to reproduce is not at an early age.
The Mora Romagnola pig is a breed that usually has only one purpose. Due to the good taste of its meat, this meat is used for meat production.
The meat of this breed is also used for the production of sausages, such as salami and ham. Since the flesh of this breed is low in fat, and the fat it possesses is firm.
In addition, the flesh of this breed tends to be darker, than the flesh of white breeds. Something for which the flesh of this race is sought is that it is sweeter. You may also read Lacombe pig
The Mora Romagnola pig is a breed that has little intensive requirements. Something for which farmers seek to produce it is because it does not need much maintenance.
Having them outdoors in spaces that have a lot of grass will help this breed feed itself. In general, farmers, besides keeping them grazed, include cereals and some vegetables in the diet of this breed.
There are certain characteristics of this race that resemble other races of the region, among them is that they are very energetic.
They also tend to get fat easily. And it is also a race that is a very resistant characteristic that qualifies them to be developed as free agriculture. You may also read Minzhu pig
Although there is something that does not make them eligible for industrial farmers and is that this breed tends to grow slowly. That is why this race was justified behind by industrial farmers.
In the 50 there were around 22.000 individuals of this race, but that number was gradually reduced. So much so that a decade ago there were only 15 individuals of this race.
That is why a project was created for the protection of this breed, where this breed did not produce this breed to work at an industrial level. It could only be produced on farms, and farmers themselves make cured meats.
As a reference: Wikipedia