Araucana Chicken although different questions have been raised, there are no pre-Columbian records on this bird.
For chronicles are preserve as for the year 1500, which expose the raising of this hen by the Mapuches in south-central Chile, and different from the European race.
And it was not until 1880 when the first features of these animals that were raised by the Mapuches were discovered.
And that is why they take their names. Between the years of 1920 and 1930, the export of this breed to the United States and Europe.
The export is due to the main feature of putting the eggs blue and blue-green.
It is important to state that their first exports came from their native Chile, which these hens had no tail like tufts and their blue eggs.
Characteristics of Araucana chicken:
Araucana Chicken usually the roosters of this species are of medium size and their weight is of 2.5 kilograms. While the hens are small in size and the weight is 2 kilograms.
The legs are olive green shorter. They have clean torsos, it means without feathers.
The head is smaller and the skin is very yellow. Araucana chicken, on the other hand, has a ridge and is pea-like.
Their earrings are small and the chin is smaller than the ridges, it has a reddish color, with spots of white color
The Araucana hen has very short legs and the color is greenish which is a forme of two colors of yellow and gray. These Araucanian hens have earrings, but it is important to note that in other countries some birds do not have them.
The eggs of these hens are blue pigment colors, like celestial or green. The Araucana chicken is unique in its kind.
The head of the hen is medium, with a round skull.
On each side, it has a bouquet of feathers that go up in relation to the earrings, its crest is irregular in shape, and slightly hesitant.
The chins are poorly development, have a short break, a dark and corner color, and a yellow beak. The eyes are with the reddish iris or orange-reddish, his neck is elongate.
They have broad slave feathers. The trunk of these hens is very round. The backs are of medium length and broad at the shoulders. You may also like to read Ameraucana Chicken
And the Araucana chicken has a wide and medium round chest, its abdomen is well developed.
The tail is absent, the wings are carried horizontally and go close to the body, and do not surpass them. The thighs are strong and the tarsi are of medium length and thin.
Araucana Chicken has to feed on foods that have monocalcium phosphate, this comes hydrolyzed animal protein.
As well as calcium carbon, molasses from sugar cane and sodium chloride. It is very important to take care of these hens and give them the necessary food.
So that they can achieve enough strength at the time of laying the eggs and they are large and healthy.
Now, the food must be in an orderly way and not give them too much food because their stomach is not very large. And arbitrarily, that is to say, every certain hour can not be allowed to spend days or a day without eating.
Araucana chicken is mainly produced by its eggs. Because apart from being different they are excellent and have a very high gourmet demand. You may also like to read Andalusian chicken
They are very rich for baking, they are ideal for athletes because these eggs contain a high concentration of vitamins and minerals and proteins.
Also, these eggs are low in cholesterol and can be consumed with complete confidence. And the reason for this is that Araucanian hens are bred in fields and are often criollos eggs. These eggs are highly nutritious and important for human consumption.
Araucana Chicken is known worldwide for blue eggs, these hens 10 years ago were totally unknown.
These animals reproduce with complete freedom sand and mud baths are given in order to clean and disinfect their plumage, as well as deworming and grooming.
The color variety of eggs of this species does not occur on its own.As there are several agents that cause this color in the eggshell.
This is produced by an enzyme that is secreted into the oviduct and transforms hemoglobin into biliverdin, this pigment is incorporated into the egg at the time the shell is forming.
Males of this species can transmit half of their genes to a hen of another species. That is why hens that are not precisely Araucanian lay eggs blue or blue-green.
As a Reference: Wikipedia